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  1. Active surveillance (AS) of small, low-risk papillary thyroid cancers (PTCs) is increasingly studied in prospective observational studies. Ultrasound is the primary imaging modality for case selection. While r...

    Authors: Sangeet Ghai, Ciara O’Brien, David P. Goldstein and Anna M. Sawka

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:130

    Content type: Critical Review

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  2. Access to imaging diagnostics has been shown to result in accurate treatment, management, and optimal outcomes. Particularly in low-income and low-middle-income countries (LICs, LMICs), access is limited due t...

    Authors: Kristen DeStigter, Kara-Lee Pool, Abimbola Leslie, Sarwat Hussain, Bien Soo Tan, Lluis Donoso-Bach and Savvas Andronikou

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:129

    Content type: Statement

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  3. Thyroid nodules are an important health problem in children and adolescents. They possess a higher risk of malignancy in comparison to adults. This fact forms a great dilemma for clinicians. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Mohammed Hazem, Ossama M. Zakaria, Mohamed Yasser Ibrahim Daoud, Ibrahim Khalid Al Jabr, Abdulwahab A. AlYahya, Ahmed Gaber Hassanein, Abdulrahim A. Alabdulsalam, Mohammed Qasem AlAlwan and Nahla Mohamed Ali Hasan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:128

    Content type: Original Article

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  4. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) aims at quantifying interactions between ultrasound and biological tissues. QUS techniques extract fundamental physical properties of tissues based on interactions between ultraso...

    Authors: Guy Cloutier, François Destrempes, François Yu and An Tang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:127

    Content type: Educational Review

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  5. There is wide variation between Countries in the structures of residency programmes, need for subspecialisation, and health care system organisation. This survey was aimed at gathering information regarding cu...

    Authors: Domenico Albano, Danoob Dalili, Florian A. Huber, Ziga Snoj, Ana Vieira and Carmelo Messina

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:126

    Content type: Original Article

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  6. The umbilical–portal venous system (UPVS) plays an important role in embryonic development, as well as a significant blood circulation system to ensure the normal blood supply of fetal heart and brain and othe...

    Authors: Yue Qin, Huaxuan Wen, Meiling Liang, Dandan Luo, Qing Zeng, Yimei Liao, Mengyu Zhang, Yan Ding, Xin Wen, Ying Tan, Ying Yuan and Shengli Li

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:125

    Content type: Educational Review

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  7. We investigated the value of serial cardiac 18F-FDG PET-MRI in Anderson–Fabry disease (AFD) and the potential relationship of imaging results with FASTEX score.

    Authors: Carmela Nappi, Andrea Ponsiglione, Antonio Pisani, Eleonora Riccio, Teodolinda Di Risi, Maurizio Pieroni, Michele Klain, Roberta Assante, Wanda Acampa, Emanuele Nicolai, Letizia Spinelli, Alberto Cuocolo and Massimo Imbriaco

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:124

    Content type: Original Article

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  8. The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the largest vein in the body, draining blood from the abdomen, pelvis and lower extremities. This pictorial review summarises normal anatomy and embryological development of the...

    Authors: Simon J. Li, Jean Lee, Jonathan Hall and Tom R. Sutherland

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:123

    Content type: Educational Review

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  9. Psoriasis is a common skin disease. Up to 30% of patients with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA) resulting, by far, the most prevalent coexisting condition. Heterogeneity of clinical and radiological...

    Authors: Ana María Crespo-Rodríguez, Jesús Sanz Sanz, Dalifer Freites, Zulema Rosales, Lydia Abasolo and Juan Arrazola

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:121

    Content type: Educational Review

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  10. To compare the imaging quality, T stage and extramural venous invasion (EMVI) evaluation between the conventional and synthetic T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), and to investigate the role of quantitative values ob...

    Authors: Li Zhao, Meng Liang, Pu-yeh Wu, Yang Yang, Hongmei Zhang and Xinming Zhao

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:120

    Content type: Original Article

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  11. Unilateral axillary lymphadenopathy is a frequent mild side effect of COVID-19 vaccination. European Society of Breast Imaging (EUSOBI) proposes ten recommendations to standardise its management and reduce unn...

    Authors: Simone Schiaffino, Katja Pinker, Veronica Magni, Andrea Cozzi, Alexandra Athanasiou, Pascal A. T. Baltzer, Julia Camps Herrero, Paola Clauser, Eva M. Fallenberg, Gábor Forrai, Michael H. Fuchsjäger, Thomas H. Helbich, Fleur Kilburn-Toppin, Christiane K. Kuhl, Mihai Lesaru, Ritse M. Mann…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:119

    Content type: Guideline

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  12. Crohn’s disease (CD) is a condition that can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, although usually forms in the colon and terminal ileum. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a beneficial mo...

    Authors: Rani Ahmad, Amr M. Ajlan, Ayman A. Eskander, Turki A. Alhazmi, Khalid Khashoggi, Mohammad A. Wazzan and Ahmed H. Abduljabbar

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:118

    Content type: Critical Review

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  13. Deep learning is nowadays at the forefront of artificial intelligence. More precisely, the use of convolutional neural networks has drastically improved the learning capabilities of computer vision application...

    Authors: Lara Lloret Iglesias, Pablo Sanz Bellón, Amaia Pérez del Barrio, Pablo Menéndez Fernández-Miranda, David Rodríguez González, José A. Vega, Andrés A. González Mandly and José A. Parra Blanco

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:117

    Content type: Educational Review

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  14. Imaging findings after thoracic surgery can be misleading. Knowledge of the normal post-operative anatomy helps the radiologist to recognise life-threatening complications and conversely not to wrongly evoke a...

    Authors: Julien Burel, Mathias El Ayoubi, Jean-Marc Baste, Matthieu Garnier, François Montagne, Jean-Nicolas Dacher and Matthieu Demeyere

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:116

    Content type: Educational Review

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  15. Cystic pancreatic lesions (CPLs) are frequently casual findings in radiological examinations performed for other reasons in patients with unrelated symptoms. As they require different management according to t...

    Authors: Giovanni Morana, Pierluigi Ciet and Silvia Venturini

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:115

    Content type: Educational Review

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  16. In the past nearly 20 years, organ-sparing when no apparent viable tumour is present after neoadjuvant therapy has taken an increasingly relevant role in the therapeutic management of locally-advanced rectal c...

    Authors: Inês Santiago, Bernardete Rodrigues, Maria Barata, Nuno Figueiredo, Laura Fernandez, Antonio Galzerano, Oriol Parés and Celso Matos

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:114

    Content type: Educational Review

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  17. Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder affecting children and adolescents. Previously classified as a rare disease, recent studies suggest a higher incidence of the dise...

    Authors: Matthias C. Schaal, Liya Gendler, Bettina Ammann, Nina Eberhardt, Aleš Janda, Henner Morbach, Kassa Darge, Hermann Girschick and Meinrad Beer

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:113

    Content type: Educational Review

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  18. This study aimed to conduct a diagnostic and cost-effective analysis of the cytopathology assistance in the ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for characterising thyroid nodules.

    Authors: F. Feletti, L. Mellini, F. Pironi, A. Carnevale and G. C. Parenti

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:111

    Content type: Original Article

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  19. MRI is routinely used for rectal cancer staging to evaluate tumor extent and to inform decision-making regarding surgical planning and the need for neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy. Extramural venous invasion ...

    Authors: Akitoshi Inoue, Shannon P. Sheedy, Jay P. Heiken, Payam Mohammadinejad, Rondell P. Graham, Hee Eun Lee, Scott R. Kelley, Stephanie L. Hansel, David H. Bruining, Jeff L. Fidler and Joel G. Fletcher

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:110

    Content type: Educational Review

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  20. Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is the most important cause of hematemesis in children. Intrahepatic left portal vein and superior mesenteric vein anastomosis, also known as meso-Rex bypass (MRB),...

    Authors: Huiying Wu, Ning Zhou, Lianwei Lu, Xiwen Chen, Tao Liu, Binbin Zhang, Hongsheng Liu and Zhe Wen

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:109

    Content type: Original Article

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  21. Repeated bleeding in hemophilic arthropathy (HA) may result in severe degenerative changes and joint destruction. The gradient-recalled echo (GRE) sequence MR is proved to be the best method to detect hemoside...

    Authors: Marcel Prasetyo, Ariel Elisa Mongan, Novie Amelia Chozie, Joedo Prihartono and Stefanus Imanuel Setiawan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:107

    Content type: Original Article

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  22. To review the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in the pediatric and adolescent population.

    Authors: Elena Serrano, Federico Zarco, Anne E. Gill, C. Matthew Hawkins, Napoleón Macías, Emilio J. Inarejos Clemente, Ferran Torner, Ignasi Barber, Daniel Corominas, Enrique Ladera González, Antonio López-Rueda and Fernando M. Gómez

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:106

    Content type: Original Article

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  23. Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent chronic disease affecting about 10% of reproductive-age women with symptoms like pelvic pain and infertility. Pathologically, it is defined by the presence of endometrial...

    Authors: Filomenamila Lorusso, Marco Scioscia, Dino Rubini, Amato Antonio Stabile Ianora, Doriana Scardigno, Carla Leuci, Michele De Ceglie, Angela Sardaro, Nicola Lucarelli and Arnaldo Scardapane

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:105

    Content type: Educational Review

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  24. Central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities cause approximately 32–37.7% of terminations of pregnancy (TOP). Autopsy is currently the gold standard for assessing dead foetuses and stillborn. However, it has lim...

    Authors: Carlos Pérez-Serrano, Álvaro Bartolomé, Núria Bargalló, Carmen Sebastià, Alfons Nadal, Olga Gómez and Laura Oleaga

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:104

    Content type: Educational Review

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  25. COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the need for real-time monitoring of diseases evolution to rapidly adapt restrictive measures. This prospective multicentric study aimed at investigating radiological markers of C...

    Authors: Amandine Crombé, Jean-Christophe Lecomte, Nathan Banaste, Karim Tazarourte, Mylène Seux, Hubert Nivet, Vivien Thomson and Guillaume Gorincour

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:103

    Content type: Original Article

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  26. Post-mortem imaging has a high acceptance rate amongst parents and healthcare professionals as a non-invasive method for investigating perinatal deaths. Previously viewed as a ‘niche’ subspecialty, it is becom...

    Authors: Susan C. Shelmerdine, J. Ciaran Hutchinson, Celine Lewis, Ian C. Simcock, Thivya Sekar, Neil J. Sebire and Owen J. Arthurs

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:101

    Content type: Critical Review

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  27. Gallbladder metastasis (GM) is a rare condition, often with a late diagnosis or detected upon autopsy. There is no extensive literature on the imaging diagnosis of GM. Here we present a comprehensive review of...

    Authors: Giulio Cocco, Andrea Delli Pizzi, Raffaella Basilico, Stefano Fabiani, Alessio Lino Taraschi, Luca Pascucci, Andrea Boccatonda, Orlando Catalano and Cosima Schiavone

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:100

    Content type: Educational Review

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  28. This review presents basic information on the dosimetric quantities used in medical imaging for reporting patient doses and establishing diagnostic reference levels. The proper use of the radiation protection ...

    Authors: Eliseo Vano, Guy Frija, Reinhard Loose, Graciano Paulo, Efstathios Efstathopoulos, Claudio Granata and Jonas Andersson

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:99

    Content type: Educational Review

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  29. Pleural lesions form a diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. Whereas lesions can be initially detected on chest radiographs, CT and MRI imaging are the imaging modalities of choice for further characteriza...

    Authors: Julie Desimpel, Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Laurens Carp and Annemiek Snoeckx

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:97

    Content type: Educational Review

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  30. To correlate quantitative tissue stiffness measurements obtained by transrectal ultrasound shear wave elastography (USWE) with PI-RADS scoring of multiparametric magnetic imaging resonance (mpMRI) using Gleaso...

    Authors: Wael Ageeli, Cheng Wei, Xinyu Zhang, Magdalena Szewcyk-Bieda, Jennifer Wilson, Chunhui Li and Ghulam Nabi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:96

    Content type: Original Article

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  31. Tumors of the genital system are common and imaging is of crucial importance for their detection and diagnosis. Several non-neoplastic diseases may mimic these tumors and differential diagnosis may be difficul...

    Authors: Omer Onder, Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Jessica Kraeft, Aycan Uysal, Musturay Karcaaltincaba, Deniz Akata, Mustafa Nasuh Ozmen and Peter F. Hahn

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:95

    Content type: Educational Review

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  32. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) is frequently performed to evaluate gastrointestinal pathologic conditions. The majority of the gastrointestinal radiology literature has concentrated on the colon, stomach, ...

    Authors: Carolina Terra, Daniel Ramos-Andrade, Ivo Sá-Marques, Jorge Brito, Filipe Caseiro-Alves and Luís Curvo-Semedo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:94

    Content type: Educational Review

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  33. Accurate segmentation of pelvic bones is an initial step to achieve accurate detection and localisation of pelvic bone metastases. This study presents a deep learning-based approach for automated segmentation ...

    Authors: Xiang Liu, Chao Han, He Wang, Jingyun Wu, Yingpu Cui, Xiaodong Zhang and Xiaoying Wang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:93

    Content type: Original Article

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  34. The levator ani muscle (LAM) consists of different subdivisions, which play a specific role in the pelvic floor mechanics. The aim of this study is to identify and describe the appearance of these subdivisions...

    Authors: Claudia Manzini, Frieda van den Noort, Anique T. M. Grob, Mariëlla I. J. Withagen, Cornelis H. Slump and C. Huub van der Vaart

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:91

    Content type: Original Article

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  35. Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate of any tumour type. The main driver of lung tumour growth and development is uncontrolled cellular proliferation. Poor patient outcomes are partly the result of the l...

    Authors: Bandar Alwadani, Sergio Dall’Angelo and Ian N. Fleming

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:90

    Content type: Educational Review

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  36. A multi-user competitive game within the virtual world Second Life for undergraduate radiology learning was adapted for team participation. This study aimed to assess student perception, impact on learning, an...

    Authors: Teodoro Rudolphi-Solero, Alberto Jimenez-Zayas, Rocio Lorenzo-Alvarez, Dolores Domínguez-Pinos, Miguel Jose Ruiz-Gomez and Francisco Sendra-Portero

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:89

    Content type: Original Article

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  37. To determine the value of shear wave elastography (SWE) in assessing abdominal wall muscles, including rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique muscle (EO), internal oblique muscle, and transversus abdominis (T...

    Authors: Kai He, Xiuling Zhou, Yulan Zhu, Bo Wang, Xiaojian Fu, Qiyuan Yao, Hao Chen and Xiaohong Wang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:87

    Content type: Original Article

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  38. The objectives of the study were to survey patient injury claims concerning medical imaging in Finland in 1991–2017, and to investigate the nature of the incidents, the number of claims, the reasons for the cl...

    Authors: Tarja Tarkiainen, Miia Turpeinen, Marianne Haapea, Esa Liukkonen and Jaakko Niinimäki

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:86

    Content type: Original Article

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  39. To compare effectiveness of three widely used embolic agents in partial splenic embolization (PSE) by analyzing their clinical, laboratory, and radiological outcomes within one year of follow-up.

    Authors: Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Saeed Bakry Elsayed, Dalia Salah El Deen, Nahla A. Zaitoun, Husain Alturkistani, Alaa A. Farag, Hassan Abdelsalam, Hossam A. El-Kenawy, Nader E. M. Mahmoud, Nader Ali Alayouty, Ibrahim M. Eladl, Shahenda Shahin, Mohamed-Karji Almarzooqi, Ali M. Hendi, Ahmad El-Morsy…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:85

    Content type: Original Article

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  40. Recent recommendations for lung nodule management include volumetric analysis using tools that present intrinsic measurement variability, with possible impacts on clinical decisions and patient safety. This st...

    Authors: Diana Penha, Erique Pinto, Bruno Hochhegger, Colin Monaghan, Edson Marchiori, Luís Taborda-Barata and Klaus Irion

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:84

    Content type: Original Article

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  41. The purpose of our retrospective study was to assess the termination rate and the image quality of MR exams performed in claustrophobic patients under medical hypnosis, as compared to patients undergoing MR un...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Nicole Ferrera, Emanuele Pravatà, Roman Guggenberger, Steven Stern and Filippo Del Grande

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:83

    Content type: Original Article

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  42. Blockchain can be thought of as a distributed database allowing tracing of the origin of data, and who has manipulated a given data set in the past. Medical applications of blockchain technology are emerging. ...

    Authors:

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:82

    Content type: Statement

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  43. This statement summarises basic settings in lung ultrasonography and best practice recommendations for lung ultrasonography in COVID-19, representing the agreed consensus of experts from the Ultrasound Subcomm...

    Authors:

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:81

    Content type: Statement

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