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  1. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The fascial system is a continuum of connective tissues present everywhere throughout the body that can be locally involved in a large variety of disorders. These disorders include traumatic disorders (Morel-L...

    Authors: Thomas Kirchgesner, Cédric Tamigneaux, Souad Acid, Vasiliki Perlepe, Frédéric Lecouvet, Jacques Malghem and Bruno Vande Berg

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:47

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  2. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Central nervous system post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (CNS-PTLD) is a rare disease that presents with non-specific signs and symptoms. The purpose of this article is to present the imaging appear...

    Authors: Matthew L. White, Drew W. Moore, Yan Zhang, Keiper D. Mark, Timothy C. Greiner and Philip J. Bierman

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:46

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  3. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The elbow is a complex joint whose stability is imparted by osseous and soft-tissue constraints. Anatomical and biomechanical knowledge of the supporting structures that provide stability to the medial and lat...

    Authors: José Acosta Batlle, Luis Cerezal, María Dolores López Parra, Beatriz Alba, Santiago Resano and Javier Blázquez Sánchez

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:43

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  4. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The pericardium could be involved in a variety of clinical disorders. The imaging findings are not specific for an individual pathology in most of the cases; however, patient’s clinical history may guide radio...

    Authors: Emre Ünal, Musturay Karcaaltincaba, Erhan Akpinar and Orhan Macit Ariyurek

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:42

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  5. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Ventral hernia repair with or without mesh placement is a commonly done procedure. Laparoscopic approach is more preferred than open in recent surgical practice. Complications occur as like any other abdominal...

    Authors: Aruna R. Patil, Shrivalli Nandikoor, Himansu Shekar Mohanty, Satyajit Godhi and Ravishankar Bhat

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:40

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  6. Content type: Original Article

    To derive conversions of antiquated exposure data into modern equivalents and to apply these in the assessment of the skin dose of pelvic radiographs since 1896.

    Authors: Gerrit J. Kemerink, Gerhard Kütterer, Pierre J. Kicken, Jos M. A. van Engelshoven, Kees J. Simon and Joachim E. Wildberger

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:39

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  7. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The portal vein (PV) is the main vessel of the portal venous system (PVS), which drains the blood from the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen to the liver. There are several variants aff...

    Authors: Carolina Carneiro, Jorge Brito, Carlos Bilreiro, Marta Barros, Carla Bahia, Inês Santiago and Filipe Caseiro-Alves

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:38

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  8. Content type: Original Article

    Glioblastoma (GB) contains diverse histologic regions. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values are surrogates for the degree of number of cells within the tumour regions. Because an assessment of ADC value...

    Authors: Coral Durand-Muñoz, Eduardo Flores-Alvarez, Sergio Moreno-Jimenez and Ernesto Roldan-Valadez

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:36

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  9. Content type: Educational Review

    Declining rates of consent for standard perinatal autopsy has led to a rise in interest for postmortem imaging as an alternative, non-invasive method for investigation of childhood and perinatal deaths. Whilst...

    Authors: Susan C. Shelmerdine, Neil J. Sebire and Owen J. Arthurs

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:35

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  10. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The human body has 12 pairs of cranial nerves that control motor and sensory functions of the head and neck. The anatomy of cranial nerves is complex and its knowledge is crucial to detect pathological alterat...

    Authors: Nicola Romano, Margherita Federici and Antonio Castaldi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:33

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  11. Content type: Guideline

    The European Society of Radiology (ESR) considers the use of evidence-based referral guidelines in clinical practice essential to ensure the appropriate utilisation of medical imaging for patients. Since 2014,...


    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:32

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  12. Content type: Original Article

    This pilot study aimed to characterize and compare radiographers’ mammography practice, including quality control and continuous professional development in five European countries.

    Authors: Nicole Richli Meystre, Anja Henner, Cláudia Sà dos Reis, Bergliot Strøm, José A. Pires Jorge, Tiina Kukkes and Eija Metsälä

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:31

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  13. Content type: Review

    Malignant vascular tumors as part of the vascular anomalies spectrum are extremely rare in children and young adults. Instead, benign vascular neoplasias are frequently encountered in the pediatric patient pop...

    Authors: Moritz Wildgruber, Maliha Sadick, René Müller-Wille and Walter A. Wohlgemuth

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:30

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  14. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Paragangliomas arise from paraganglion cells which serve varied regulatory tasks in the body. When these cells demonstrate neoplasia within the head and neck, they typically present in characteristic locations...

    Authors: Jarett Thelen and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:29

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  15. Content type: Review

    Human cancers represent complex structures, which display substantial inter- and intratumor heterogeneity in their genetic expression and phenotypic features. However, cancers usually exhibit characteristic st...

    Authors: Roberto García-Figueiras, Sandra Baleato-González, Anwar R. Padhani, Antonio Luna-Alcalá, Juan Antonio Vallejo-Casas, Evis Sala, Joan C. Vilanova, Dow-Mu Koh, Michel Herranz-Carnero and Herbert Alberto Vargas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:28

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  16. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Epiploic appendagitis is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain, determined by a benign self-limiting inflammation of the epiploic appendages. It may manifest with heterogeneous clinical presentations, mimicking...

    Authors: Dario Giambelluca, Roberto Cannella, Giovanni Caruana, Leonardo Salvaggio, Emanuele Grassedonio, Massimo Galia, Massimo Midiri and Giuseppe Salvaggio

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:26

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  17. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Indolent B cell lymphomas are a group of lymphoid malignancies characterized by their potential to undergo histologic transformation to aggressive lymphomas. While different subtypes of indolent B cell lymphom...

    Authors: Francesco Alessandrino, Pamela J. DiPiro, Jyothi P. Jagannathan, Gosangi Babina, Katherine M. Krajewski, Nikhil H. Ramaiya and Angela A. Giardino

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:25

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  18. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The thalami are bilateral ovoid grey matter cerebral structures bordering the third ventricle on both sides, which participate in functions such as relaying of sensory and motor signals, regulation of consciou...

    Authors: C. Tuttle, J. Boto, S. Martin, I. Barnaure, A. M. Korchi, M. Scheffler and M. I. Vargas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:24

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  19. Content type: Review

    The complex anatomy of the carotid space within a small confined area is unique to the head and neck and allows for a vast array of pathology. This paper will review the anatomy of the carotid space from the s...

    Authors: Harris U. Chengazi and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:21

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  20. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Muscle injuries of the hip and thigh are a highly relevant issue in competitive sports imaging. The gold standard in diagnostic imaging of muscle injuries is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Radiologists need...

    Authors: Kolja M. Thierfelder, Judith S. Gerhardt, Ioan N. Gemescu, Susan Notohamiprodjo, Christoph Rehnitz and Marc-André Weber

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:20

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  21. Content type: Pictorial Review

    MRI plays important roles in endometrial and cervical cancer assessment, from detection to recurrent disease evaluation. Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common malignant tumor of the female genital tract i...

    Authors: María Milagros Otero-García, Alicia Mesa-Álvarez, Olivera Nikolic, Patricia Blanco-Lobato, Marijana Basta-Nikolic, Rafael Menéndez de Llano-Ortega, Laura Paredes-Velázquez, Nikola Nikolic and Magda Szewczyk-Bieda

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:19

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  22. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Pulmonary embolus (PE) is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death with more than 600,000 cases occurring in the USA per year. About 45% of patients with acute PE will have acute right ventricular f...

    Authors: Yolanda C. Bryce, Rocio Perez-Johnston, Errol B. Bryce, Behrang Homayoon and Ernesto G. Santos-Martin

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:18

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  23. Content type: Original Article

    Melioidosis being an important cause of community-acquired sepsis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei in the tropical and subtropical countries, is often underreported or misinterpreted on imaging investigations...

    Authors: Hannah L. Khiangte, Leena Robinson Vimala, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Binesh Lal Yesudhason and Reka Karuppusami

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:17

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  24. Content type: Pictorial Review

    In recent years, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has become the standard of care for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Until recently, patients routinely proceeded to surgical resection after C...

    Authors: Doenja M. J. Lambregts, Thierry N. Boellaard and Regina G. H. Beets-Tan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:15

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  25. Content type: Review

    Patients with cancer can present with bone metastases (BM), which are frequently complicated by different types of fractures necessitating prompt management to avoid serious impairment in terms of quality of l...

    Authors: Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Julien Garnon, Benham Shaygi, Emanuele Boatta, Guillaume Koch, Jean Palussiere, Xavier Buy and Afshin Gangi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:14

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  26. Content type: Review

    Congenital anterior neck masses comprise a rare group of lesions typically diagnosed in childhood. Most commonly, lesions are anomalies of the thyroglossal duct, namely the thyroglossal duct cyst, along with e...

    Authors: Swapnil Patel and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:12

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  27. Content type: Review

    Meningiomas are the most common dural tumour. They are regularly being seen as an incidental finding on brain imaging and treated conservatively. However, there are many other dural masses which mimic their ap...

    Authors: Daniel Lyndon, Joseph A. Lansley, Jane Evanson and Anant S. Krishnan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:11

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  28. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Incidental cardiac findings are often found on chest CT studies, some of which may be clinically significant. The objective of this pictorial review is to illustrate and describe the appearances and management...

    Authors: Maren Krueger, Paul Cronin, Mohamed Sayyouh and Aine Marie Kelly

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:10

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  29. Content type: Correction

    The original article [1] contained an omission in authorship detail; authors Aakanksha Agarwal and Abhishek Chandra are instead joint first authors.

    Authors: Aakanksha Agarwal, Abhishek Chandra, Usha Jaipal and Narender Saini

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:9

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    The original article was published in Insights into Imaging 2018 9:662

  30. Content type: Statement

    This Strategic Research Agenda identifies current challenges and needs in healthcare, illustrates how biomedical imaging and derived data can help to address these, and aims to stimulate dedicated research fun...


    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:7

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  31. Content type: Pictorial Review

    In recent years, technological advancements including endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance and availability of specifically designed stents further expanded the indications and possibilities of interventional ...

    Authors: Massimo Tonolini, Emilia Bareggi and Pietro Gambitta

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:5

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  32. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Pelvic floor dysfunctions represent a range of functional disorders that frequently occur in adult women, carrying a significant burden on the quality of life, and its incidence tends to increase attending to ...

    Authors: João Cunha Salvador, Mónica Portela Coutinho, José Marques Venâncio and Bárbara Viamonte

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:4

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  33. Content type: Pictorial Review

    CSF flow disorders are frequently encountered in children. The advent of MR technology with the emergence of new pulse sequences allowed better understanding of CSF flow dynamics. In this pictorial review, we ...

    Authors: Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Noha Mohamed Osman and Khaled A. Ahmed

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:3

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  34. Content type: Report

    In subtraction CT angiography (CTA), a non-contrast CT acquisition is subtracted from a contrast-enhanced CTA acquisition. Subtraction CTA can be applied in the detection, classification, and follow-up of intr...

    Authors: Frederick J. A. Meijer, Joanne D. Schuijf, Joost de Vries, Hieronymus D. Boogaarts, Willem-Jan van der Woude and Mathias Prokop

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:2

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  35. Content type: Review

    The widespread use of imaging examinations has increased the detection of incidental adrenal lesions, which are mostly benign and non-functioning adenomas. The differentiation of a benign from a malignant adre...

    Authors: Domenico Albano, Francesco Agnello, Federico Midiri, Giusy Pecoraro, Alberto Bruno, Pierpaolo Alongi, Patrizia Toia, Giuseppe Di Buono, Antonino Agrusa, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Salvatore Pardo, Ludovico La Grutta, Massimo Midiri and Massimo Galia

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:1

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  36. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Perineural tumour spread (PNTS) in head and neck oncology is most often caused by squamous cell carcinoma. The most frequently affected nerves are the trigeminal and facial nerves. Up to 40% of patients with P...

    Authors: Jan Willem Dankbaar, Frank A. Pameijer, Jeroen Hendrikse and Ilona M. Schmalfuss

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:672

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  37. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Various techniques have been proposed which aim at scan time reduction and/or at improved image quality by increasing the spatial resolution. Compressed sensing (CS) takes advantage of the fact that MR images ...

    Authors: Thomas Sartoretti, Carolin Reischauer, Elisabeth Sartoretti, Christoph Binkert, Arash Najafi and Sabine Sartoretti-Schefer

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:668

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