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  1. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Thoracic hernias are characterised by either protrusion of the thoracic contents outside their normal anatomical confines or extension of the abdominal contents within the thorax. Thoracic hernias can be eithe...

    Authors: Abhishek Chaturvedi, Prabhakar Rajiah, Alexender Croake, Sachin Saboo and Apeksha Chaturvedi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:670

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  2. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a congenital disorder arising from sporadic mutation of the α-subunit of the Gs stimulatory protein. Osseous changes are characterised by the replacement and distortion of normal bone...

    Authors: Yevgeniya S. Kushchayeva, Sergiy V. Kushchayev, Tetiana Y. Glushko, Sri Harsha Tella, Oleg M. Teytelboym, Michael T. Collins and Alison M. Boyce

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:666

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  3. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Perineural tumour spread (PNTS) in head and neck oncology is most often caused by squamous cell carcinoma. The most frequently affected nerves are the trigeminal and facial nerves. Up to 40% of patients with P...

    Authors: Jan Willem Dankbaar, Frank A. Pameijer, Jeroen Hendrikse and Ilona M. Schmalfuss

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:672

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  4. Content type: Review

    Radiomics is a process of extraction and analysis of quantitative features from diagnostic images. Liquid biopsy is a test done on a sample of blood to look for cancer cells or for pieces of tumourigenic DNA c...

    Authors: Emanuele Neri, Marzia Del Re, Fabiola Paiar, Paola Erba, Paola Cocuzza, Daniele Regge and Romano Danesi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:657

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  5. Content type: Opinion

    Medical imaging is a vital part of the clinical decision-making process, especially in an oncological setting. Radiology has experienced a great wave of change, and the advent of quantitative imaging has provi...

    Authors: Zuhir Bodalal, Stefano Trebeschi and Regina Beets-Tan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:669

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  6. Content type: Review

    The article summarises the available guidelines on breast imaging surveillance after curative treatment for locoregional breast cancer.

    Authors: Jeroen Swinnen, Machteld Keupers, Julie Soens, Matthias Lavens, Sandra Postema and Chantal Van Ongeval

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:667

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  7. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Various techniques have been proposed which aim at scan time reduction and/or at improved image quality by increasing the spatial resolution. Compressed sensing (CS) takes advantage of the fact that MR images ...

    Authors: Thomas Sartoretti, Carolin Reischauer, Elisabeth Sartoretti, Christoph Binkert, Arash Najafi and Sabine Sartoretti-Schefer

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:668

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  8. Content type: Review

    Fabry disease (FD) is a rare X-linked disorder characterised by abnormal progressive lysosomal deposition of globotriaosylceramide in a large variety of cell types. The central nervous system (CNS) is often in...

    Authors: Sirio Cocozza, Camilla Russo, Giuseppe Pontillo, Antonio Pisani and Arturo Brunetti

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:664

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  9. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Performed on either an elective or urgent basis, cholecystectomy currently represents the most common abdominal operation due to the widespread use of laparoscopy and the progressively expanded indications. Co...

    Authors: Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Francesca Patella and Gianpaolo Carrafiello

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:663

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  10. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Pathology of the pulmonary vasculature involves an impressive array of both congenital and acquired conditions. While some of these disorders are benign, disruption of the pulmonary vasculature is often incomp...

    Authors: Thomas J. Marini, Kevin He, Susan K. Hobbs and Katherine Kaproth-Joslin

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:659

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  11. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The purpose of this article is to review how cardiac MRI provides the clinician with detailed information about the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) phenotypes, assessing its morphological and functional cons...

    Authors: Rafaela Soler, Cristina Méndez, Esther Rodríguez, Roberto Barriales, Juan Pablo Ochoa and Lorenzo Monserrat

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:656

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  12. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Enteric duplication cysts (EDCs) are rare congenital malformations formed during the embryonic development of the digestive tract. They are usually detected prenatally or in the first years of life. The size, ...

    Authors: Cinta Sangüesa Nebot, Roberto Llorens Salvador, Elena Carazo Palacios, Sara Picó Aliaga and Vicente Ibañez Pradas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:660

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  13. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The purpose of this article is to describe the key cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features to differentiate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) phenotypes from other causes of myocardial thickening tha...

    Authors: Cristina Méndez, Rafaela Soler, Esther Rodríguez, Roberto Barriales, Juan Pablo Ochoa and Lorenzo Monserrat

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:655

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  14. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (P-NENs) are the second most common solid pancreatic neoplasms. P-NENs have a wide range of imaging features presentations and they can be detected with typical and atypical...

    Authors: Valentina Ciaravino, Riccardo De Robertis, Paolo Tinazzi Martini, Nicolò Cardobi, Sara Cingarlini, Antonio Amodio, Luca Landoni, Paola Capelli and Mirko D’Onofrio

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:658

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  15. Content type: Original Article

    To assess the computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) accuracy for demonstrating possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain in patients without known coronary artery diseas...

    Authors: Silvia Tresoldi, Anna Ravelli, Sara Sbaraini, Claudia Khouri Chalouhi, Francesco Secchi, Gianpaolo Cornalba, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:654

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  16. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Calvarial lesions are often asymptomatic and are usually discovered incidentally during computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Calvarial lesions can be benign or malignant. Although th...

    Authors: Carrie K. Gomez, Scott R. Schiffman and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:643

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  17. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Lytic lesions of the skull include a wide range of diseases, ranging from benign conditions such as arachnoid granulations or vascular lacunae, to aggressive malignant lesions such as lymphomas or metastases. ...

    Authors: Lorenzo Ugga, Renato Cuocolo, Sirio Cocozza, Andrea Ponsiglione, Arnaldo Stanzione, Vito Chianca, Alessandra D’Amico, Arturo Brunetti and Massimo Imbriaco

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:653

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  18. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a tick-borne spirochetal infection with a broad spectrum of imaging pathology. For individuals who live in or have travelled to areas where ticks reside, LNB should be considered...

    Authors: Elisabeth S. Lindland, Anne Marit Solheim, Silje Andreassen, Else Quist-Paulsen, Randi Eikeland, Unn Ljøstad, Åse Mygland, Ahmed Elsais, Gro O. Nygaard, Åslaug R. Lorentzen, Hanne F. Harbo and Mona K. Beyer

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:646

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  19. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common genetic disorders. Gastrointestinal manifestations of NF-1 are seldom thought of in routine clinical practice and might thus be significantly under-reco...

    Authors: Nada Garrouche, Amel Ben Abdallah, Nadia Arifa, Ibtissem Hasni, Yasser Ben Cheikh, Waad Ben Farhat, Sana Ben Amor and Hela Jemni

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:648

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  20. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The fascial system is a three-dimensional continuum of connective tissues present everywhere throughout the body, from the head to the toes and from the skin to the bone. The current article aims to review the...

    Authors: Thomas Kirchgesner, Xavier Demondion, Maria Stoenoiu, Patrick Durez, Adrien Nzeusseu Toukap, Frédéric Houssiau, Christine Galant, Souad Acid, Frédéric Lecouvet, Jacques Malghem and Bruno Vande Berg

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:650

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  21. Content type: Review

    Ultrasound elastography (USE) is a recent technology that has experienced major developments in the past two decades. The assessment of the main mechanical properties of tissues can be made with this technolog...

    Authors: Rui Prado-Costa, João Rebelo, João Monteiro-Barroso and Ana Sofia Preto

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:642

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  22. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) is an uncommon cause of acute hospital admission with high mortality rates (50–90%) that requires early diagnosis and treatment. With the increase in average life expectancy, A...

    Authors: S. Florim, A. Almeida, D. Rocha and P. Portugal

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:641

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  23. Content type: Review

    Worldwide interest in artificial intelligence (AI) applications is growing rapidly. In medicine, devices based on machine/deep learning have proliferated, especially for image analysis, presaging new significa...

    Authors: Filippo Pesapane, Caterina Volonté, Marina Codari and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:645

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  24. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Complications following lung transplantation may impede allograft function and threaten patient survival. The five main complications after lung transplantation are primary graft dysfunction, post-surgical com...

    Authors: Céline Habre, Paola M. Soccal, Frédéric Triponez, John-David Aubert, Thorsten Krueger, Steve P. Martin, Joanna Gariani, Jean-Claude Pache, Frédéric Lador, Xavier Montet and Anne-Lise Hachulla

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:647

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  25. Content type: Review

    Low back pain (LBP) is the most common pain syndrome, and is an enormous burden and cost generator for society. Lumbar facet joints (FJ) constitute a common source of pain, accounting for 15–45% of LBP. Facet ...

    Authors: Romain Perolat, Adrian Kastler, Benjamin Nicot, Jean-Michel Pellat, Florence Tahon, Arnaud Attye, Olivier Heck, Kamel Boubagra, Sylvie Grand and Alexandre Krainik

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:638

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  26. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The latest (4th) edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Head and Neck Tumours, published in January 2017, has reclassified keratocystic odontogenic tumour as odontogenic keratocyst. T...

    Authors: Andrea Borghesi, Cosimo Nardi, Caterina Giannitto, Andrea Tironi, Roberto Maroldi, Francesco Di Bartolomeo and Lorenzo Preda

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:644

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  27. Content type: Original Article

    To assess the frequency of choledocolithiasis and the role of preoperative laboratory findings, ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP) in the detection of choledocolithiasis in...

    Authors: Valentina Virzì, Noemi Maria Giovanna Ognibene, Antonio Salvatore Sciortino, Glenda Culmone and Giuseppe Virzì

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:640

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  28. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Acute ischaemic stroke represents the most common cause of new sudden neurological deficit, but other diseases mimicking stroke happen in about one-third of the cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the b...

    Authors: Gilles Adam, Marine Ferrier, Sofia Patsoura, Raluca Gramada, Zuzana Meluchova, Vanessa Cazzola, Jean Darcourt, Christophe Cognard, Alain Viguier and Fabrice Bonneville

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:637

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  29. Content type: Original Article

    The aim was to design an app-based eLearning tool to provide radiographers with information about the physical basis of MR artefacts and practical elimination or/and minimisation strategies to optimise image q...

    Authors: Walaa Alsharif, Michaela Davis, Louise Rainford, Andrea Cradock and Allison McGee

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:635

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  30. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The glossopharyngeal nerve (GPN) is a rarely considered cranial nerve in imaging interpretation, mainly because clinical signs may remain unnoticed, but also due to its complex anatomy and inconspicuousness in...

    Authors: José María García Santos, Sandra Sánchez Jiménez, Marta Tovar Pérez, Matilde Moreno Cascales, Javier Lailhacar Marty and Miguel A. Fernández-Villacañas Marín

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:630

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  31. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Currently, post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) has become an accessible and contemporary tool for forensic investigations. In the case of burn victims, it provides specific semiologies requiring a prudent u...

    Authors: J.-B. Coty, C. Nedelcu, S. Yahya, V. Dupont, C. Rougé-Maillart, M. Verschoore, C. Ridereau Zins and C. Aubé

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:633

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  32. Content type: Review

    Postmortem fetal magnetic resonance imaging (PMFMRI) is increasingly used thanks to its good overall concordance with histology paralleling the rising incidence of parental refusal of autopsy. The technique co...

    Authors: Aurélie D’Hondt, Marie Cassart, Raymond De Maubeuge, Gustavo Soto Ares, Jacques Rommens and E. Fred Avni

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:627

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  33. Content type: Original Article

    Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare genetic disorder, characterised by elastic fibre degeneration and calcifications in multiple organ systems. Computed tomography (CT) imaging is a potential method to mo...

    Authors: Annelotte Vos, Guido Kranenburg, Pim A. de Jong, Willem P. T. M. Mali, Wim Van Hecke, Ronald L. A. W. Bleys, Ivana Isgum, Aryan Vink and Wilko Spiering

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:621

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  34. Content type: Review

    In this article, we illustrate the main advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques used for imaging of the spine and spinal cord in children and adults. This work focuses on daily clinical practice a...

    Authors: M. I. Vargas, B. M. A. Delattre, J. Boto, J. Gariani, A. Dhouib, A. Fitsiori and J. L. Dietemann

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:626

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  35. Content type: Original Article

    To compare the estimation of carotid artery stenosis by computed tomography angiography (CTA) based on cross-sectional area versus the smallest diameter measurement, and test the accuracy of both CTA measureme...

    Authors: Kristina Samarzija, Petar Milosevic, Zoran Jurjevic and Emilija Erdeljac

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:622

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  36. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XPN) is an unusual and severe form of chronic inflammatory lesion of the kidney, characterised by the destruction of the renal parenchyma and the presence of multinucleated ...

    Authors: Cinta Sangüesa Nebot, Sara Picó Aliaga, Agustín Serrano Durbá and María José Roca

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:631

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  37. Content type: Review

    The digitalization of modern imaging has led radiologists to become very familiar with computers and their user interfaces (UI). New options for display and command offer expanded possibilities, but the mouse ...

    Authors: Antoine Iannessi, Pierre-Yves Marcy, Olivier Clatz, Anne-Sophie Bertrand and Maki Sugimoto

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:620

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  38. Content type: Pictorial Review

    In the last decade, autoimmune pancreatitis has become recognised as part of a wider spectrum of IgG4-related disease, typically associated with elevated serum IgG4 levels and demonstrating a response to corti...

    Authors: Christopher Siew Wai Tang, Nishanth Sivarasan and Nyree Griffin

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:618

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  39. Content type: Pictorial Review

    The number and complexity of endovascular procedures performed via either arterial or venous access are steadily increasing. Albeit associated with higher morbidity compared to the radial approach, the traditi...

    Authors: Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Domenico Laganà

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:613

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  40. Content type: Review

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows to non-invasively evaluate rectal cancer staging and to assess the presence of “prognostic signs” such as the distance from the anorectal junction, the mesorectal fascia...

    Authors: Andrea Delli Pizzi, Raffaella Basilico, Roberta Cianci, Barbara Seccia, Mauro Timpani, Alessandra Tavoletta, Daniele Caposiena, Barbara Faricelli, Daniela Gabrielli and Massimo Caulo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:606

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  41. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Meckel’s cave is a dural recess in the posteromedial portion of the middle cranial fossa that acts as a conduit for the trigeminal nerve between the prepontine cistern and the cavernous sinus, and houses the G...

    Authors: Ajay Malhotra, Long Tu, Vivek B. Kalra, Xiao Wu, Ali Mian, Rajiv Mangla, Elias Michaelides, Pina Sanelli and Dheeraj Gandhi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:604

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  42. Content type: Pictorial Review

    Lung cancer patients often experience potentially life-threatening medical urgencies and emergencies, which may be a direct or indirect result of the underlying malignancy. This pictorial review addresses the ...

    Authors: Bruno De Potter, Jef Huyskens, Birgitta Hiddinga, Maarten Spinhoven, Annelies Janssens, Jan P. van Meerbeeck, Paul M. Parizel and Annemie Snoeckx

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:605

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