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  1. To evaluate the effect of abolishing instructions to fast prior to contrast-enhanced CT on acute adverse reactions (AARs).

    Authors: Yoshito Tsushima, Yuko Seki, Takahito Nakajima, Hiromi Hirasawa, Ayako Taketomi-Takahashi, Shogo Tan and Takayuki Suto

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:113

    Content type: Original Article

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  2. Differential diagnosis in non-traumatic acute abdomen is broad and unrelated diseases may simulate each other from a clinical perspective. Despite the fact that they are not as common, acute abdominal pain due...

    Authors: Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Aycan Uysal, Deniz Akata, Mustafa Nasuh Ozmen and Musturay Karcaaltincaba

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:112

    Content type: Educational Review

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  3. Acute or chronic non-neoplastic diffuse mediastinal diseases have multiple causes, degrees of severity, and a wide range of management. Some situations require emergency care while others do not need specific ...

    Authors: Flavian Tabotta, Gilbert R. Ferretti, Helmut Prosch, Samia Boussouar, Anne-Laure Brun, Justus E. Roos, Lukas Ebner, Igor Letovanec, Michel Brauner and Catherine Beigelman-Aubry

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:111

    Content type: Educational Review

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  4. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common thoracic venous anomaly and may be a component of the complex cardiac pathologies. While it is often asymptomatic, it can lead to significant probl...

    Authors: Aynur Azizova, Omer Onder, Sevtap Arslan, Selin Ardali and Tuncay Hazirolan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:110

    Content type: Educational Review

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  5. Muscle injuries of the lower limbs are currently the most common sport-related injuries, the impact of which is particularly significant in elite athletes. MRI is the imaging modality of choice in assessing ac...

    Authors: Jaime Isern-Kebschull, Sandra Mechó, Ricard Pruna, Ara Kassarjian, Xavier Valle, Xavier Yanguas, Xavier Alomar, Javier Martinez, Jaume Pomés and Gil Rodas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:108

    Content type: Educational Review

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  6. Anterior knee pain (AKP) is a problematic complaint, considered to be the most frequent cause of orthopedic consultancy for knee problems. This study aimed to highlight diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography a...

    Authors: Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Diaa Bakry Eldib, Sameh Abdelaziz Aly, Taghreed M. Azmy, Nader E. M. Mahmoud, Tarek Mohamed Ghandour, Tarek Aly, Shimaa Mostafa, Asmaa M. Elaidy and Hesham Youssef Algazzar

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:107

    Content type: Original Article

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  7. Our aim was to develop a structured reporting concept (structured oncology report, SOR) for general follow-up assessment of cancer patients in clinical routine. Furthermore, we analysed the report quality of S...

    Authors: Tim Frederik Weber, Manuela Spurny, Felix Christian Hasse, Oliver Sedlaczek, Georg Martin Haag, Christoph Springfeld, Theresa Mokry, Dirk Jäger, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Anne Katrin Berger

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:106

    Content type: Original Article

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  8. Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female cancer and the second cause of death among women worldwide. The 5-year relative survival rate recently improved up to 90% due to increased population coverage and w...

    Authors: Rubina Manuela Trimboli, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Nicolò Matteo Luca Battisti, Andrea Cozzi, Veronica Magni, Moreno Zanardo and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:105

    Content type: Critical Review

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  9. Desmoid tumors (DTs) are a rare and biologically heterogeneous group of locally aggressive fibroblastic neoplasm: their biological behavior spectrum ranges from indolent to aggressive tumors. DTs are classifie...

    Authors: F. Rosa, C. Martinetti, F. Piscopo, D. Buccicardi, D. Schettini, C. E. Neumaier, N. Gandolfo, L. Grazioli and A. Gastaldo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:103

    Content type: Educational Review

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  10. To investigate if patients with confirmed traumatic abdominal injury and a false-negative focused abdominal sonography for trauma (FAST) examination have a more favorable prognosis than those with a true-posit...

    Authors: Mohammed H. A. Alramdan, Derya Yakar, Frank F. A. IJpma, Ömer Kasalak and Thomas C. Kwee

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:102

    Content type: Original Article

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  11. To evaluate the added value of the hepatobiliary (HPB) phase in gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in characterizing newly discovered indeterminate focal liver lesions in non-cirrhotic pa...

    Authors: Bardia Moosavi, Anuradha S. Shenoy-Bhangle, Leo L. Tsai, Robert Reuf and Koenraad J. Mortele

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:101

    Content type: Original Article

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  12. Rectal cancer has the eighth highest cancer incidence worldwide, and it is increasing in young individuals. However, in countries with a high human development index, mortality is decreasing, which may reflect...

    Authors: Inês Santiago, Nuno Figueiredo, Oriol Parés and Celso Matos

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:100

    Content type: Educational Review

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  13. With the development of chemotherapy regimens, targeted therapies, and hepatic surgery, the survival of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) has dramatically improved. Imaging plays a central role ...

    Authors: Luisa Paulatto, Marco Dioguardi Burgio, Riccardo Sartoris, Aurélie Beaufrère, François Cauchy, Valérie Paradis, Valérie Vilgrain and Maxime Ronot

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:99

    Content type: Educational Review

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  14. Injected drug use is associated with a wide range of medical complications which are predominantly musculoskeletal and vascular in nature. Illicit drug use is increasing worldwide. Patients with complications ...

    Authors: Francis T. Delaney, Emma Stanley and Ferdia Bolster

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:98

    Content type: Educational Review

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  15. In August 2017, the European Commission awarded the “European Study on Clinical Diagnostic Reference levels for X-ray Medical Imaging” project to the European Society of Radiology, to provide up-to-date Diagno...

    Authors: Graciano Paulo, John Damilakis, Virginia Tsapaki, Alexander A. Schegerer, Jacques Repussard, Werner Jaschke and Guy Frija

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:96

    Content type: Original Article

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  16. To investigate the relationship between the elasticity of the carotid artery and the LV (left ventricle) systolic function in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) by using two-dimensional speckle-tracking s...

    Authors: Xiuyun Li, Hongju Kou, Yanyan Dong, Chao Zheng, Pengfei Wang, Maosheng Xu, Chunpeng Zou and Liang Wang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:95

    Content type: Original Article

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  17. Ovarian cancer survival rates have not changed in the last 20 years. The majority of cases are High-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSOCs), which are typically diagnosed at an advanced stage with multiple me...

    Authors: Paula Martin-Gonzalez, Mireia Crispin-Ortuzar, Leonardo Rundo, Maria Delgado-Ortet, Marika Reinius, Lucian Beer, Ramona Woitek, Stephan Ursprung, Helen Addley, James D. Brenton, Florian Markowetz and Evis Sala

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:94

    Content type: Critical Review

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  18. Cochlear implants are increasingly used to treat sensorineural hearing disorders in both children and adults. Pre-operative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging play a pivotal role in patient sel...

    Authors: Gerlig Widmann, Daniel Dejaco, Anna Luger and Joachim Schmutzhard

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:93

    Content type: Educational Review

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  19. The need of a standardized reporting scheme and language, in imaging of COVID-19 pneumonia, has been welcomed by major scientific societies. The aim of the study was to build the reporting scheme of chest CT i...

    Authors: E. Neri, F. Coppola, A. R. Larici, N. Sverzellati, M. A. Mazzei, P. Sacco, G. Dalpiaz, B. Feragalli, V. Miele and R. Grassi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:92

    Content type: Original Article

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  20. Radiomics is a quantitative approach to medical imaging, which aims at enhancing the existing data available to clinicians by means of advanced mathematical analysis. Through mathematical extraction of the spa...

    Authors: Janita E. van Timmeren, Davide Cester, Stephanie Tanadini-Lang, Hatem Alkadhi and Bettina Baessler

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:91

    Content type: Educational Review

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  21. Congenital and hereditary cystic lesions of the abdomen are relatively rare. Correct diagnosis is critical as they may simulate several other benign and malignant acquired diseases of the abdomen. With the cor...

    Authors: Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Sevtap Arslan, Deniz Akata, Mustafa Ozmen, Mithat Haliloglu, Berna Oguz and Musturay Karcaaltincaba

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:90

    Content type: Educational Review

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  22. The anatomic and histologic characteristics of the nipple-areolar complex make this breast region special. The nipple-areolar complex can be affected by abnormal development and a wide spectrum of pathological...

    Authors: Javier del Riego, Mireia Pitarch, Clara Codina, Laura Nebot, Francisco J. Andreu, Oscar Aparicio, Alexandra Medina and Amaya Martín

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:89

    Content type: Educational Review

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  23. Computed tomography (CT) scanning is an essential part of diagnostic and treatment plans, providing swift and accurate diagnostic images. The aim of this study is to develop diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) ...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Abuzaid, Wiam Elshami, Huseyin Ozan Tekin, Hatem Ghonim, Mona Shawki and Dina H. Salama

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:88

    Content type: Original Article

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  24. 1. To review the contemporary literature and present a list of the imaging findings for patients with autoinflammatory diseases from our hospital. All these patients are found to have a genetic mutation that i...

    Authors: Alaa N. Alsharief, Ronald M. Laxer, Qiuyan Wang, Jennifer Stimec, Carina Man, Paul Babyn and Andrea S. Doria

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:87

    Content type: Educational Review

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  25. MRI has a vital role in the assessment of intracranial lesions. Conventional MRI has limited specificity and multiparametric MRI using diffusion-weighted imaging, perfusion-weighted imaging and magnetic resona...

    Authors: Vijay Sawlani, Markand Dipankumar Patel, Nigel Davies, Robert Flintham, Roman Wesolowski, Ismail Ughratdar, Ute Pohl, Santhosh Nagaraju, Vladimir Petrik, Andrew Kay, Saiju Jacob, Paul Sanghera, Victoria Wykes, Colin Watts and Harish Poptani

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:84

    Content type: Educational Review

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  26. Interventional radiology plays an important and increasing role in cancer treatment. Follow-up is important to be able to assess treatment success and detect locoregional and distant recurrence and recommendat...

    Authors: Monique Maas, Regina Beets-Tan, Jean-Yves Gaubert, Fernando Gomez Munoz, Paul Habert, Lisa G. Klompenhouwer, Paulo Vilares Morgado, Niklaus Schaefer, Francois H. Cornelis, Stephen B. Solomon, Denise van der Reijd and Jose Ignacio Bilbao

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:83

    Content type: Guideline

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  27. The thoracic inlet is located at the crossroads between imaging of the neck and the chest. Its location is an important anatomic landmark, serving as the central conducting pathway for many vital structures ex...

    Authors: Patricia E. Melendez, Trinh T. Nguyen, Alok A. Bhatt and Katherine Kaproth-Joslin

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:82

    Content type: Educational Review

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  28. To investigate the practice regarding breast MRI exams and breast MRI-guided biopsies in two countries with different health care systems, France and Québec. A 12-item questionnaire was distributed online amon...

    Authors: Benoît Mesurolle, Simon Sun and Michelle Zhang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:81

    Content type: Original Article

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  29. Spinal osseous neoplasms are frequently encountered and can be challenging when present as solitary lesions. Familiarity with the range of benign and malignant spinal pathology can help the radiologist formula...

    Authors: Trinh T. Nguyen, Jarett C. Thelen and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:80

    Content type: Educational Review

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  30. Numerous imaging modalities may be used for the staging of women with advanced breast cancer. Although bone scintigraphy and multiplanar-CT are the most frequently used tests, others including PET, MRI and hyb...

    Authors: Filippo Pesapane, Kate Downey, Anna Rotili, Enrico Cassano and Dow-Mu Koh

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:79

    Content type: Critical Review

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  31. To assess the diagnostic accuracy of fast acquisition MRI in suspected cases of paediatric appendicitis presenting to a tertiary referral hospital.

    Authors: Karl James, Patrick Duffy, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Stephen Power, David Ryan, Stella Joyce, Aoife Feeley, Peter Murphy, Emmet Andrews, Mark F. McEntee, Michael Moore, Conor Bogue, Michael M. Maher and Owen J. O’ Connor

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:78

    Content type: Original Article

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  32. The introduction of quantitative image analysis has given rise to fields such as radiomics which have been used to predict clinical sequelae. One growing area of interest for analysis is brain tumours, in part...

    Authors: Abhishta Bhandari, Jarrad Koppen and Marc Agzarian

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:77

    Content type: Educational Review

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  33. Testicular tumours are rare in children. Painless scrotal mass is the most frequent clinical presentation. Tumoural markers (alpha-fetoprotein, beta-human gonadotropin chorionic) and hormone levels (testostero...

    Authors: Cinta Sangüesa, Diana Veiga, Margarita Llavador and Agustín Serrano

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:74

    Content type: Educational Review

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  34. This retrospective study evaluated the computed tomography (CT) features and clinical implications of a novel broken-crescent sign in patients with acute aortic intramural hematoma (IMH).

    Authors: Sheung-Fat Ko, Chia-Yin Lu, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Hon-Kan Yip, Chung-Cheng Huang and Shu-Hang Ng

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:73

    Content type: Original Article

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  35. Otosclerosis causes conductive, sensorineural and mixed hearing loss (CHL, SNHL, MHL) and tinnitus in young adults. It is best diagnosed on high-resolution CT (HRCT). Occasionally, patients presenting with SNH...

    Authors: Bela Purohit, Katya Op de beeck and Robert Hermans

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:71

    Content type: Educational Review

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  36. The enlargement of the bronchial arteries occurs in a multitude of congenital and acquired diseases and is responsible for the majority of cases of hemoptysis. In this review, we provide a simplified imaging a...

    Authors: João Almeida, Cecília Leal and Luísa Figueiredo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:70

    Content type: Educational Review

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  37. Adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma and invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma are relatively new classification entities which replace the now retired term,...

    Authors: Gerard Lambe, Michael Durand, Anne Buckley, Siobhan Nicholson and Ronan McDermott

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:69

    Content type: Educational Review

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  38. Testicular trauma is common, usually trivial and rarely requires hospital attendance, but if it does, then imaging becomes essential as scrotal assessment may be difficult due to pain and/or scrotal disruption...

    Authors: Gibran T. Yusuf, Vasileios Rafailidis, Stephen Moore, Benjamin Hawthorn, Cheng Fang, Dean Y. Huang, Maria E. Sellars and Paul S. Sidhu

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:68

    Content type: Educational Review

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  39. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive method that can be used to increase the understanding of the pathomechanics of joints. Various types of real-time gradient echo sequences used for dyn...

    Authors: Marc Garetier, Bhushan Borotikar, Karim Makki, Sylvain Brochard, François Rousseau and Douraïed Ben Salem

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:66

    Content type: Critical Review

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  40. Given the central role of radiology in patient care, it is important that radiological research is grounded in reproducible science. It is unclear whether there is a lack of reproducibility or transparency in ...

    Authors: Bryan D. Wright, Nam Vo, Johnny Nolan, Austin L. Johnson, Tyler Braaten, Daniel Tritz and Matt Vassar

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:65

    Content type: Original Article

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