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  1. Across the globe, diseases secondary to environmental exposures have been described, and it was also found that existing diseases have been modified by exposure to environmental chemicals or an environmental f...

    Authors: Aime Cedillo-Pozos, Sergey K. Ternovoy and Ernesto Roldan-Valadez

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:18

    Content type: Educational Review

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  2. Brain morphometry is an important assessment technique to assess certain morphological brain features of various brain regions, which can be quantified in vivo by using high-resolution structural magnetic reso...

    Authors: Fahad H. Alhazmi, Osama M. Abdulaal, Abdulaziz A. Qurashi, Khalid M. Aloufi and Vanessa Sluming

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:17

    Content type: Original Article

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  3. Contrast-enhanced digital mammography (CEDM) is a diagnostic tool for breast cancer detection. Artefacts are observed in about 10% of CEDM examinations. Understanding CEDM artefacts is important to prevent dia...

    Authors: Jacopo Nori, Maninderpal Kaur Gill, Chiara Vignoli, Giulia Bicchierai, Diego De Benedetto, Federica Di Naro, Ermanno Vanzi, Cecilia Boeri and Vittorio Miele

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:16

    Content type: Educational Review

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  4. As gonad shielding is currently under debate, this study evaluates the practice, from its introduction in about 1905 until today.

    Authors: Cécile R. L. P. N. Jeukens, Gerhard Kütterer, Pierre J. Kicken, Marij J. Frantzen, Jos M. A. van Engelshoven, Joachim E. Wildberger and Gerrit J. Kemerink

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:15

    Content type: Original Article

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  5. To explore the attitudes of United Kingdom (UK) medical students regarding artificial intelligence (AI), their understanding, and career intention towards radiology. We also examine the state of education rela...

    Authors: Cherry Sit, Rohit Srinivasan, Ashik Amlani, Keerthini Muthuswamy, Aishah Azam, Leo Monzon and Daniel Stephen Poon

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:14

    Content type: Original Article

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  6. Gallstone-related disease can have significant associated morbidity and mortality worldwide. The incidence of gallstone-related disease in the Western world is on the increase. There are multiple different pat...

    Authors: M. C. Murphy, B. Gibney, C. Gillespie, J. Hynes and F. Bolster

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:13

    Content type: Educational Review

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  7. We summarise here the information to be provided to women and referring physicians about percutaneous breast biopsy and lesion localisation under imaging guidance. After explaining why a preoperative diagnosis...

    Authors: Ulrich Bick, Rubina M. Trimboli, Alexandra Athanasiou, Corinne Balleyguier, Pascal A. T. Baltzer, Maria Bernathova, Krisztina Borbély, Boris Brkljacic, Luca A. Carbonaro, Paola Clauser, Enrico Cassano, Catherine Colin, Gul Esen, Andrew Evans, Eva M. Fallenberg, Michael H. Fuchsjaeger…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:12

    Content type: Guideline

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  8. The purpose of this study was to compare Gd levels in rat tissues after cumulative exposure to four commercially available macrocyclic gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs).

    Authors: Simona Bussi, Alessandra Coppo, Roberto Celeste, Antonello Fanizzi, Alberto Fringuello Mingo, Andrea Ferraris, Catherine Botteron, Miles A. Kirchin, Fabio Tedoldi and Federico Maisano

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:11

    Content type: Original Article

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  9. Structured reporting is advocated as a means of improving reporting in radiology to the ultimate benefit of both radiological and clinical practice. Several large initiatives are currently evaluating its poten...

    Authors: J. Martijn Nobel, Ellen M. Kok and Simon G. F. Robben

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:10

    Content type: Opinion

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  10. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) greatly improved the diagnostic accuracy of US in the detection and characterization of focal liver lesions (FLLs), and it is suggested and often included in many internatio...

    Authors: Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Maria Chiara Terranova, Cesare Gagliardo and Adele Taibbi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:9

    Content type: Educational Review

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  11. We hypothesized that multiple-choice questions written by radiology residents (MCQresident) for their weekly case presentations during radiology staff meetings could be used along with multiple-choice questions w...

    Authors: Nadia Amini, Nicolas Michoux, Leticia Warnier, Emilie Malcourant, Emmanuel Coche and Bruno Vande Berg

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:8

    Content type: Original Article

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  12. Asymmetrically prominent veins (APVs) detected on susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) in acute stroke patients are assumed to signify compromised cerebral perfusion. We aimed to explore the role of APVs in i...

    Authors: Eman A. F. Darwish, Maha Abdelhameed-El-Nouby and Eman Geneidy

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:6

    Content type: Original Article

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  13. Cystic renal lesions are a common incidental finding on routinely imaging examinations. Although a benign simple cyst is usually easy to recognize, the same is not true for complex and multifocal cystic renal ...

    Authors: Francesco Agnello, Domenico Albano, Giuseppe Micci, Giuseppe Di Buono, Antonino Agrusa, Giuseppe Salvaggio, Salvatore Pardo, Gianvincenzo Sparacia, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Massimo Midiri, Roberto Lagalla and Massimo Galia

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:5

    Content type: Educational Review

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  14. The study was to investigate the role of color Doppler ultrasonography in the evaluation of the effect of Rex-bypass shunt on the cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV) in children.

    Authors: Zhengmin Ruan, Mei Wu, Chunchun Shao, Yuan Zhang, Caikun Zhang, Feixue Zhang and Bin Zhao

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:4

    Content type: Original Article

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  15. To characterise the mammography technique used in breast cancer screening programmes for breast implants (BI) and to identify if the image quality (IQ) criteria available in literature are applicable to BI ima...

    Authors: Cláudia Sá dos Reis, Isabelle Gremion and Nicole Richli Meystre

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:3

    Content type: Original Article

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  16. Lung transplantation is a treatment option in end-stage lung disease. Complications can develop along a continuum in the immediate or longer post-transplant period, including surgical and technical complicatio...

    Authors: Mnahi Bin Saeedan, Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, C. Randall Lane and Rahul D. Renapurkar

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:2

    Content type: Educational Review

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  17. Radiogenomics is the extension of radiomics through the combination of genetic and radiomic data. Because genetic testing remains expensive, invasive, and time-consuming, and thus unavailable for all patients,...

    Authors: Roberto Lo Gullo, Isaac Daimiel, Elizabeth A. Morris and Katja Pinker

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:1

    Content type: Critical Review

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  18. To investigate the presence of gender disparity in academic involvement during radiology residency and to identify and characterize any gender differences in perceived barriers for conducting research.

    Authors: Federica Vernuccio, Monika Arzanauskaite, Sevcan Turk, Estefania Terrazas Torres, Joanna Marie D. Choa, Ashlesha Satish Udare, Dina Haroun, Maria Mercedes Serra, Susan Shelmerdine, Bayarbaatar Bold, Jae Seok Bae, Eduardo Estades Romero and Valérie Vilgrain

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:125

    Content type: Original Article

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  19. Due to the growing use of cross-sectional imaging in emergency departments, acute gynaecologic disorders are increasingly diagnosed on urgent multidetector computed tomography (CT) studies, often requested und...

    Authors: Pietro Valerio Foti, Massimo Tonolini, Valeria Costanzo, Luca Mammino, Stefano Palmucci, Antonio Cianci, Giovanni Carlo Ettorre and Antonio Basile

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:118

    Content type: Educational Review

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  20. Acute gynaecologic disorders are commonly encountered in daily clinical practice of emergency departments (ED) and predominantly occur in reproductive-age women. Since clinical presentation may be nonspecific ...

    Authors: Massimo Tonolini, Pietro Valerio Foti, Valeria Costanzo, Luca Mammino, Stefano Palmucci, Antonio Cianci, Giovanni Carlo Ettorre and Antonio Basile

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:119

    Content type: Educational Review

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  21. Intra-cranial and spinal foreign body reactions represent potential complications of medical procedures. Their diagnosis may be challenging as they frequently show an insidious clinical presentation and can mi...

    Authors: Alessandra D’Amico, Teresa Perillo, Lorenzo Ugga, Renato Cuocolo and Arturo Brunetti

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:124

    Content type: Educational Review

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  22. Vaginal fistulas (VF) represent abnormal communications between the vagina and either the distal portion of the digestive system or the lower urinary tract, but lack an accepted classification and standardised...

    Authors: Massimo Tonolini

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:123

    Content type: Educational Review

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  23. The adult diffusely infiltrating low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are typically IDH mutant and slow-growing gliomas having moderately increased cellularity generally without mitosis, necrosis, and microvascular prolif...

    Authors: Nail Bulakbaşı and Yahya Paksoy

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:122

    Content type: Educational Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2020 11:57

  24. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play critical roles for assessing treatment response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after locoregional therapy. Interpretation is challenging be...

    Authors: Nicolas Voizard, Milena Cerny, Anis Assad, Jean-Sébastien Billiard, Damien Olivié, Pierre Perreault, Ania Kielar, Richard K. G. Do, Takeshi Yokoo, Claude B. Sirlin and An Tang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:121

    Content type: Educational Review

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  25. Despite the decline in mortality rates over the last 20 years, cancer remains one of the leading causes of death in children worldwide. Early recognition and treatment for acute oncological emergencies are vit...

    Authors: Trevor Gaunt, Felice D’Arco, Anne M. Smets, Kieran McHugh and Susan C. Shelmerdine

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:120

    Content type: Educational Review

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  26. The coronary artery disease reporting and data system (CAD-RADS) is designed for a uniform standardization of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) reporting and further management recommendations of...

    Authors: Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Sameh Abdelaziz Aly, Ahmad Abdel Azim Ismail, Hanan A. Bahaaeldin and Samar Mohamad Shehata

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:117

    Content type: Original Article

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  27. The thoracic inlet is located at the crossroads between imaging of the neck and chest. It represents an important anatomic landmark, serving as the central conducting pathway for many vital structures extendin...

    Authors: Trinh T. Nguyen, Patricia E. Melendez, Katherine Kaproth-Joslin and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:116

    Content type: Educational Review

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  28. Several imaging findings of thoracic diseases have been referred—on chest radiographs or CT scans—to signs, symbols, or naturalistic images. Most of these imaging findings include the air bronchogram sign, the...

    Authors: Alessandra Chiarenza, Luca Esposto Ultimo, Daniele Falsaperla, Mario Travali, Pietro Valerio Foti, Sebastiano Emanuele Torrisi, Matteo Schisano, Letizia Antonella Mauro, Gianluca Sambataro, Antonio Basile, Carlo Vancheri and Stefano Palmucci

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:114

    Content type: Educational Review

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  29. Hydatid disease is a worldwide zoonosis endemic in many countries. Liver echinococcosis accounts for 60–75% of cases and may be responsible for a wide spectrum of complications in about one third of patients. ...

    Authors: Silvia Greco, Roberto Cannella, Dario Giambelluca, Giusy Pecoraro, Emanuele Battaglia, Massimo Midiri, Giuseppe Brancatelli and Federica Vernuccio

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:113

    Content type: Educational Review

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  30. Anatomic variants in the head and neck are quite numerous and occur frequently: a minority of them increase the risk of complications during surgical procedures and may be visualized on cross-sectional images....

    Authors: Davide Farina, Davide Lombardi, Martina Bertuletti, Giovanni Palumbo, Ivan Zorza and Marco Ravanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:112

    Content type: Educational Review

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  31. The introduction of high throughput sequence analysis in the past decade and the decrease in sequencing costs has made available an enormous amount of genomic data. These data have shaped the landscape of canc...

    Authors: Francesco Alessandrino, Daniel A. Smith, Sree Harsha Tirumani and Nikhil H. Ramaiya

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:111

    Content type: Educational Review

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  32. Mentorship plays a critical role in the success of academic radiologists. Faculty members with mentors have better career opportunities, publish more papers, receive more research grants, and have greater over...

    Authors: Miriam A. Bredella, David Fessell and James H. Thrall

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:107

    Content type: Critical Review

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  33. The European Training Assessment Programme (ETAP) 2.0 offers a structured assessment of radiology training institutions applying for certification, without geographical constraints. It applies, in fact, to bot...

    Authors:

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:106

    Content type: Statement

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  34. Peripheral neuropathies are a group of disorders which affect the peripheral nervous system which have been conventionally diagnosed using electrodiagnostic studies. This study was carried out to assess the ro...

    Authors: Aakanksha Agarwal, Abhishek Chandra, Usha Jaipal, Meenu Bagarhatta, Kuldeep Mendiratta, Alka Goyal, Raghav Kumar and Naresh Mangalhara

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:104

    Content type: Original Article

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  35. Currently, an increasing number of patients benefit from shoulder prosthesis implantation. Radiologists are therefore more often confronted with imaging examinations involving shoulder arthroplasty, whether du...

    Authors: Damien Combes, Romain Lancigu, Patrick Desbordes de Cepoy, Filippo Caporilli-Razza, Laurent Hubert, Louis Rony and Christophe Aubé

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:90

    Content type: Educational Review

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  36. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of hybrid iterative reconstruction and post processing on emphysema quantification in low-dose CT scans of COPD patients using pulmonary function tests (PFT) as a...

    Authors: E. de Boer, I. M. Nijholt, S. Jansen, M. A. Edens, S. Walen, J. W. K. van den Berg and M. F. Boomsma

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:102

    Content type: Original Article

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  37. Chronically discharging ear is a common cause of morbidity in developing countries, and it is also associated with intratemporal and intracranial complications. The surgeon is often able to detect the disease....

    Authors: Malvika Gulati, Swati Gupta, Anjali Prakash, Anju Garg and Rashmi Dixit

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:92

    Content type: Educational Review

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  38. This is a condensed summary of an international multisociety statement on ethics of artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology produced by the ACR, European Society of Radiology, RSNA, Society for Imaging Infor...

    Authors: J. Raymond Geis, Adrian Brady, Carol C. Wu, Jack Spencer, Erik Ranschaert, Jacob L. Jaremko, Steve G. Langer, Andrea Borondy Kitts, Judy Birch, William F. Shields, Robert van den Hoven van Genderen, Elmar Kotter, Judy Wawira Gichoya, Tessa S. Cook, Matthew B. Morgan, An Tang…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2019 10:101

    Content type: Statement

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