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  1. Central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities cause approximately 32–37.7% of terminations of pregnancy (TOP). Autopsy is currently the gold standard for assessing dead foetuses and stillborn. However, it has lim...

    Authors: Carlos Pérez-Serrano, Álvaro Bartolomé, Núria Bargalló, Carmen Sebastià, Alfons Nadal, Olga Gómez and Laura Oleaga
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:104
  2. COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the need for real-time monitoring of diseases evolution to rapidly adapt restrictive measures. This prospective multicentric study aimed at investigating radiological markers of C...

    Authors: Amandine Crombé, Jean-Christophe Lecomte, Nathan Banaste, Karim Tazarourte, Mylène Seux, Hubert Nivet, Vivien Thomson and Guillaume Gorincour
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:103
  3. Post-mortem imaging has a high acceptance rate amongst parents and healthcare professionals as a non-invasive method for investigating perinatal deaths. Previously viewed as a ‘niche’ subspecialty, it is becom...

    Authors: Susan C. Shelmerdine, J. Ciaran Hutchinson, Celine Lewis, Ian C. Simcock, Thivya Sekar, Neil J. Sebire and Owen J. Arthurs
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:101
  4. Gallbladder metastasis (GM) is a rare condition, often with a late diagnosis or detected upon autopsy. There is no extensive literature on the imaging diagnosis of GM. Here we present a comprehensive review of...

    Authors: Giulio Cocco, Andrea Delli Pizzi, Raffaella Basilico, Stefano Fabiani, Alessio Lino Taraschi, Luca Pascucci, Andrea Boccatonda, Orlando Catalano and Cosima Schiavone
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:100
  5. This review presents basic information on the dosimetric quantities used in medical imaging for reporting patient doses and establishing diagnostic reference levels. The proper use of the radiation protection ...

    Authors: Eliseo Vano, Guy Frija, Reinhard Loose, Graciano Paulo, Efstathios Efstathopoulos, Claudio Granata and Jonas Andersson
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:99
  6. Pleural lesions form a diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. Whereas lesions can be initially detected on chest radiographs, CT and MRI imaging are the imaging modalities of choice for further characteriza...

    Authors: Julie Desimpel, Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Laurens Carp and Annemiek Snoeckx
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:97
  7. To correlate quantitative tissue stiffness measurements obtained by transrectal ultrasound shear wave elastography (USWE) with PI-RADS scoring of multiparametric magnetic imaging resonance (mpMRI) using Gleaso...

    Authors: Wael Ageeli, Cheng Wei, Xinyu Zhang, Magdalena Szewcyk-Bieda, Jennifer Wilson, Chunhui Li and Ghulam Nabi
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:96
  8. Tumors of the genital system are common and imaging is of crucial importance for their detection and diagnosis. Several non-neoplastic diseases may mimic these tumors and differential diagnosis may be difficul...

    Authors: Omer Onder, Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Jessica Kraeft, Aycan Uysal, Musturay Karcaaltincaba, Deniz Akata, Mustafa Nasuh Ozmen and Peter F. Hahn
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:95
  9. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) is frequently performed to evaluate gastrointestinal pathologic conditions. The majority of the gastrointestinal radiology literature has concentrated on the colon, stomach, ...

    Authors: Carolina Terra, Daniel Ramos-Andrade, Ivo Sá-Marques, Jorge Brito, Filipe Caseiro-Alves and Luís Curvo-Semedo
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:94
  10. Accurate segmentation of pelvic bones is an initial step to achieve accurate detection and localisation of pelvic bone metastases. This study presents a deep learning-based approach for automated segmentation ...

    Authors: Xiang Liu, Chao Han, He Wang, Jingyun Wu, Yingpu Cui, Xiaodong Zhang and Xiaoying Wang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:93
  11. The levator ani muscle (LAM) consists of different subdivisions, which play a specific role in the pelvic floor mechanics. The aim of this study is to identify and describe the appearance of these subdivisions...

    Authors: Claudia Manzini, Frieda van den Noort, Anique T. M. Grob, Mariëlla I. J. Withagen, Cornelis H. Slump and C. Huub van der Vaart
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:91
  12. Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate of any tumour type. The main driver of lung tumour growth and development is uncontrolled cellular proliferation. Poor patient outcomes are partly the result of the l...

    Authors: Bandar Alwadani, Sergio Dall’Angelo and Ian N. Fleming
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:90
  13. A multi-user competitive game within the virtual world Second Life for undergraduate radiology learning was adapted for team participation. This study aimed to assess student perception, impact on learning, an...

    Authors: Teodoro Rudolphi-Solero, Alberto Jimenez-Zayas, Rocio Lorenzo-Alvarez, Dolores Domínguez-Pinos, Miguel Jose Ruiz-Gomez and Francisco Sendra-Portero
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:89
  14. To determine the value of shear wave elastography (SWE) in assessing abdominal wall muscles, including rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique muscle (EO), internal oblique muscle, and transversus abdominis (T...

    Authors: Kai He, Xiuling Zhou, Yulan Zhu, Bo Wang, Xiaojian Fu, Qiyuan Yao, Hao Chen and Xiaohong Wang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:87
  15. The objectives of the study were to survey patient injury claims concerning medical imaging in Finland in 1991–2017, and to investigate the nature of the incidents, the number of claims, the reasons for the cl...

    Authors: Tarja Tarkiainen, Miia Turpeinen, Marianne Haapea, Esa Liukkonen and Jaakko Niinimäki
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:86
  16. To compare effectiveness of three widely used embolic agents in partial splenic embolization (PSE) by analyzing their clinical, laboratory, and radiological outcomes within one year of follow-up.

    Authors: Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Saeed Bakry Elsayed, Dalia Salah El Deen, Nahla A. Zaitoun, Husain Alturkistani, Alaa A. Farag, Hassan Abdelsalam, Hossam A. El-Kenawy, Nader E. M. Mahmoud, Nader Ali Alayouty, Ibrahim M. Eladl, Shahenda Shahin, Mohamed-Karji Almarzooqi, Ali M. Hendi, Ahmad El-Morsy…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:85
  17. Recent recommendations for lung nodule management include volumetric analysis using tools that present intrinsic measurement variability, with possible impacts on clinical decisions and patient safety. This st...

    Authors: Diana Penha, Erique Pinto, Bruno Hochhegger, Colin Monaghan, Edson Marchiori, Luís Taborda-Barata and Klaus Irion
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:84
  18. The purpose of our retrospective study was to assess the termination rate and the image quality of MR exams performed in claustrophobic patients under medical hypnosis, as compared to patients undergoing MR un...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Nicole Ferrera, Emanuele Pravatà, Roman Guggenberger, Steven Stern and Filippo Del Grande
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:83
  19. Blockchain can be thought of as a distributed database allowing tracing of the origin of data, and who has manipulated a given data set in the past. Medical applications of blockchain technology are emerging. ...

    Authors:
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:82
  20. This statement summarises basic settings in lung ultrasonography and best practice recommendations for lung ultrasonography in COVID-19, representing the agreed consensus of experts from the Ultrasound Subcomm...

    Authors:
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:81
  21. Studies have documented the clinical potentials of artificial intelligence (AI) in medical imaging practice to improving patient care. This study aimed to qualitatively explore the perception of radiographers ...

    Authors: William Kwadwo Antwi, Theophilus N. Akudjedu and Benard Ohene Botwe
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:80
  22. The differential diagnosis of abnormalities in the prostate is broad, covering common (acinar adenocarcinoma, benign prostatic hyperplasia, chronic prostatitis, hemorrhage, cysts, calcifications, atrophy and f...

    Authors: Chao Han, Lina Zhu, Xiang Liu, Shuai Ma, Yi Liu and Xiaoying Wang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:79
  23. Artificial intelligence algorithms are booming in medicine, and the question of biases induced or perpetuated by these tools is a very important topic. There is a greater risk of these biases in radiology, whi...

    Authors: Antoine Iannessi, Hubert Beaumont and Anne Sophie Bertrand
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:78

    The Opinion to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2021 12:157

  24. In the era of datafication, it is important that medical data are accurate and structured for multiple applications. Especially data for oncological staging need to be accurate to stage and treat a patient, as...

    Authors: J. Martijn Nobel, Sander Puts, Jakob Weiss, Hugo J. W. L. Aerts, Raymond H. Mak, Simon G. F. Robben and André L. A. J. Dekker
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:77
  25. Newer biologic drugs and immunomodulatory agents, as well as more tolerated and effective radiation therapy schemes, have reduced treatment toxicity in oncology patients. However, although imaging assessment o...

    Authors: Domenico Albano, Massimo Benenati, Antonio Bruno, Federico Bruno, Marco Calandri, Damiano Caruso, Diletta Cozzi, Riccardo De Robertis, Francesco Gentili, Irene Grazzini, Giuseppe Micci, Anna Palmisano, Carlotta Pessina, Paola Scalise, Federica Vernuccio, Antonio Barile…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:76
  26. To retrospectively analyze CT appearances and progression pattern of COVID-19 during hospitalization, and analyze imaging findings of follow-up on thin-section CT.

    Authors: Chun-Shuang Guan, Zhi-Bin Lv, Jing-Jing Li, Yan-Ni Du, Hui Chen, Tao Cui, Ning Guo, Bu-Dong Chen and Ru-Ming Xie
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:73
  27. To investigate the incremental value of Sestamibi SPECT combined with a non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, using SPECT/CT, for the preoperative localisation of small parathyroid adenomas (PTA).

    Authors: Patricia Sandqvist, Jacob Farnebo, Inga-Lena Nilsson, Per Grybäck, Anders Sundin and Alejandro Sanchez-Crespo
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:72
  28. Accurate prostate zonal segmentation on magnetic resonance images (MRI) is a critical prerequisite for automated prostate cancer detection. We aimed to assess the variability of manual prostate zonal segmentat...

    Authors: Sarah Montagne, Dimitri Hamzaoui, Alexandre Allera, Malek Ezziane, Anna Luzurier, Raphaelle Quint, Mehdi Kalai, Nicholas Ayache, Hervé Delingette and Raphaële Renard-Penna
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:71
  29. Septic shock is a medical emergency that represents one of the most important underlying causes for presentation to the Emergency Department. Sepsis is defined as organ dysfunction, life-threatening event caus...

    Authors: Marco Di Serafino, Daniela Viscardi, Francesca Iacobellis, Luigi Giugliano, Luigi Barbuto, Gaspare Oliva, Roberto Ronza, Antonio Borzelli, Antonio Raucci, Filomena Pezzullo, Maria Giovanna De Cristofaro and Luigia Romano
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:70
  30. Therapy of uveal melanoma aims to preserve the eye and its function and to avoid metastatic dissemination. The treatment choice is difficult and must keep into account several factors; the therapeutic strategy...

    Authors: Pietro Valerio Foti, Mario Travali, Renato Farina, Stefano Palmucci, Corrado Spatola, Rocco Luca Emanuele Liardo, Roberto Milazzotto, Luigi Raffaele, Vincenzo Salamone, Rosario Caltabiano, Giuseppe Broggi, Lidia Puzzo, Andrea Russo, Michele Reibaldi, Antonio Longo, Paolo Vigneri…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:67
  31. Uveal melanoma is a malignant neoplasm that derives from pigmented melanocytes of the uvea and involves, in order of decreasing prevalence, the choroid, ciliary body and iris. Its prognosis is related to histo...

    Authors: Pietro Valerio Foti, Mario Travali, Renato Farina, Stefano Palmucci, Corrado Spatola, Luigi Raffaele, Vincenzo Salamone, Rosario Caltabiano, Giuseppe Broggi, Lidia Puzzo, Andrea Russo, Michele Reibaldi, Antonio Longo, Paolo Vigneri, Teresio Avitabile, Giovani Carlo Ettorre…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:66
  32. To develop a goal-oriented indicator system based on the balanced scorecard (BSC) concept, which takes into account the perspectives of the referring physician and patient and emphasizes the focus on the inter...

    Authors: Ulf Teichgräber, Rainer Sibbel, Andreas Heinrich and Felix Güttler
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:69
  33. Feature reproducibility and model validation are two main challenges of radiomics. This study aims to systematically review radiomic feature reproducibility and predictive model validation strategies in studie...

    Authors: Salvatore Gitto, Renato Cuocolo, Domenico Albano, Francesco Morelli, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Carmelo Messina, Massimo Imbriaco and Luca Maria Sconfienza
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:68
  34. The presence of pulmonary vessels inside ground-glass nodules (GGNs) of different nature is a very common occurrence. This study aimed to reveal the significance of pulmonary vessels displayed in GGNs in their...

    Authors: Bin-jie Fu, Fa-jin Lv, Wang-jia Li, Rui-yu Lin, Yi-neng Zheng and Zhi-gang Chu
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:65
  35. The main objective was to assess whether CT reports of radiologists subspecialized in oncologic imaging respond better to oncological referrals than reports from general radiologists. The secondary objective w...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Maria Del Grande, Vittoria Espeli, Anastasios Stathis, Gabriele Maria Nicolino and Filippo Del Grande
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:64
  36. Breast lesions with uncertain malignant behavior, also known as high-risk or B3 lesions, are composed of a variety of pathologies with differing risks of associated malignancy. While open excision was previous...

    Authors: Francesca Catanzariti, Daly Avendano, Giuseppe Cicero, Margarita Garza-Montemayor, Carmelo Sofia, Emmanuele Venanzi Rullo, Giorgio Ascenti, Katja Pinker-Domenig and Maria Adele Marino
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:63
  37. This letter to the editor is in response to the consensus statement from the Ultrasound Subcommittee of the European Society of Radiology, the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) Section of Radiology,...

    Authors: Chris Kalinka, Jeanette Dickson, Richard Evans, Edward Morris, Pamela Parker, Gill Walton, William Ramsden and Gill Harrison
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:61

    The Opinion to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2021 12:62

  38. Prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of high diagnostic quality is a key determinant for either detection or exclusion of prostate cancer. Adequate high spatial resolution on T2-weighted imaging, good dif...

    Authors: Francesco Giganti, Alex Kirkham, Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Marianthi-Vasiliki Papoutsaki, Shonit Punwani, Mark Emberton, Caroline M. Moore and Clare Allen
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:59
  39. Image-guided percutaneous lung ablation has proven to be a valid treatment alternative in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung carcinoma or oligometastatic lung disease. Available ablative modalities ...

    Authors: Alfredo Páez-Carpio, Fernando M. Gómez, Gemma Isus Olivé, Pilar Paredes, Tarik Baetens, Enrique Carrero, Marcelo Sánchez and Ivan Vollmer
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:57
  40. Acute bowel ischemia (ABI) can be life threatening with high mortality rate. In spite of the advances made in diagnosis and treatment of ABI, no significant change has occurred in the mortality over the past d...

    Authors: Amir H. Davarpanah, Afshar Ghamari Khameneh, Bardia Khosravi, Ali Mir, Hiva Saffar and Amir Reza Radmard
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:56

    The Opinion to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2022 13:25

  41. The Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) recently published a chest CT classification system and Dutch Association for Radiology has announced Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reporting and data sys...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdel-Tawab, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Ibrahim A. I. Mohamed, Hamdy M. Ibrahim, Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Saeed Bakry Elsayed, Nader E. M. Mahmoud, Ahmed A. El Sammak, Hala Y. Yousef, Sameh Abdelaziz Aly, Hamada M. Khater, Walid Mosallam, Waleed S. Abo Shanab, Ali M. Hendi and Sayed Hassan
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:55

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