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  1. The purpose of this article is to describe the key cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features to differentiate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) phenotypes from other causes of myocardial thickening tha...

    Authors: Cristina Méndez, Rafaela Soler, Esther Rodríguez, Roberto Barriales, Juan Pablo Ochoa and Lorenzo Monserrat

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:655

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  2. To assess the computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) accuracy for demonstrating possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain in patients without known coronary artery diseas...

    Authors: Silvia Tresoldi, Anna Ravelli, Sara Sbaraini, Claudia Khouri Chalouhi, Francesco Secchi, Gianpaolo Cornalba, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:654

    Content type: Original Article

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  3. Calvarial lesions are often asymptomatic and are usually discovered incidentally during computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Calvarial lesions can be benign or malignant. Although th...

    Authors: Carrie K. Gomez, Scott R. Schiffman and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:643

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  4. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common genetic disorders. Gastrointestinal manifestations of NF-1 are seldom thought of in routine clinical practice and might thus be significantly under-reco...

    Authors: Nada Garrouche, Amel Ben Abdallah, Nadia Arifa, Ibtissem Hasni, Yasser Ben Cheikh, Waad Ben Farhat, Sana Ben Amor and Hela Jemni

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:648

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  5. Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a tick-borne spirochetal infection with a broad spectrum of imaging pathology. For individuals who live in or have travelled to areas where ticks reside, LNB should be considered...

    Authors: Elisabeth S. Lindland, Anne Marit Solheim, Silje Andreassen, Else Quist-Paulsen, Randi Eikeland, Unn Ljøstad, Åse Mygland, Ahmed Elsais, Gro O. Nygaard, Åslaug R. Lorentzen, Hanne F. Harbo and Mona K. Beyer

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:646

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  6. Ultrasound elastography (USE) is a recent technology that has experienced major developments in the past two decades. The assessment of the main mechanical properties of tissues can be made with this technolog...

    Authors: Rui Prado-Costa, João Rebelo, João Monteiro-Barroso and Ana Sofia Preto

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:642

    Content type: Review

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  7. Worldwide interest in artificial intelligence (AI) applications is growing rapidly. In medicine, devices based on machine/deep learning have proliferated, especially for image analysis, presaging new significa...

    Authors: Filippo Pesapane, Caterina Volonté, Marina Codari and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:645

    Content type: Review

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  8. This article summarises the information that should be provided to women and referring physicians about breast ultrasound (US). After explaining the physical principles, technical procedure and safety of US, i...

    Authors: Andrew Evans, Rubina M. Trimboli, Alexandra Athanasiou, Corinne Balleyguier, Pascal A. Baltzer, Ulrich Bick, Julia Camps Herrero, Paola Clauser, Catherine Colin, Eleanor Cornford, Eva M. Fallenberg, Michael H. Fuchsjaeger, Fiona J. Gilbert, Thomas H. Helbich, Karen Kinkel, Sylvia H. Heywang-Köbrunner…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:636

    Content type: Guideline

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  9. Low back pain (LBP) is the most common pain syndrome, and is an enormous burden and cost generator for society. Lumbar facet joints (FJ) constitute a common source of pain, accounting for 15–45% of LBP. Facet ...

    Authors: Romain Perolat, Adrian Kastler, Benjamin Nicot, Jean-Michel Pellat, Florence Tahon, Arnaud Attye, Olivier Heck, Kamel Boubagra, Sylvie Grand and Alexandre Krainik

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:638

    Content type: Review

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  10. The latest (4th) edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Head and Neck Tumours, published in January 2017, has reclassified keratocystic odontogenic tumour as odontogenic keratocyst. T...

    Authors: Andrea Borghesi, Cosimo Nardi, Caterina Giannitto, Andrea Tironi, Roberto Maroldi, Francesco Di Bartolomeo and Lorenzo Preda

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:644

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  11. To assess the frequency of choledocolithiasis and the role of preoperative laboratory findings, ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP) in the detection of choledocolithiasis in...

    Authors: Valentina Virzì, Noemi Maria Giovanna Ognibene, Antonio Salvatore Sciortino, Glenda Culmone and Giuseppe Virzì

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:640

    Content type: Original Article

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  12. Acute ischaemic stroke represents the most common cause of new sudden neurological deficit, but other diseases mimicking stroke happen in about one-third of the cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the b...

    Authors: Gilles Adam, Marine Ferrier, Sofia Patsoura, Raluca Gramada, Zuzana Meluchova, Vanessa Cazzola, Jean Darcourt, Christophe Cognard, Alain Viguier and Fabrice Bonneville

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:637

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  13. The aim was to design an app-based eLearning tool to provide radiographers with information about the physical basis of MR artefacts and practical elimination or/and minimisation strategies to optimise image q...

    Authors: Walaa Alsharif, Michaela Davis, Louise Rainford, Andrea Cradock and Allison McGee

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:635

    Content type: Original Article

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  14. The glossopharyngeal nerve (GPN) is a rarely considered cranial nerve in imaging interpretation, mainly because clinical signs may remain unnoticed, but also due to its complex anatomy and inconspicuousness in...

    Authors: José María García Santos, Sandra Sánchez Jiménez, Marta Tovar Pérez, Matilde Moreno Cascales, Javier Lailhacar Marty and Miguel A. Fernández-Villacañas Marín

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:630

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  15. Currently, post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) has become an accessible and contemporary tool for forensic investigations. In the case of burn victims, it provides specific semiologies requiring a prudent u...

    Authors: J.-B. Coty, C. Nedelcu, S. Yahya, V. Dupont, C. Rougé-Maillart, M. Verschoore, C. Ridereau Zins and C. Aubé

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:633

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  16. Postmortem fetal magnetic resonance imaging (PMFMRI) is increasingly used thanks to its good overall concordance with histology paralleling the rising incidence of parental refusal of autopsy. The technique co...

    Authors: Aurélie D’Hondt, Marie Cassart, Raymond De Maubeuge, Gustavo Soto Ares, Jacques Rommens and E. Fred Avni

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:627

    Content type: Review

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  17. In this article, we illustrate the main advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques used for imaging of the spine and spinal cord in children and adults. This work focuses on daily clinical practice a...

    Authors: M. I. Vargas, B. M. A. Delattre, J. Boto, J. Gariani, A. Dhouib, A. Fitsiori and J. L. Dietemann

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:626

    Content type: Review

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  18. Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare genetic disorder, characterised by elastic fibre degeneration and calcifications in multiple organ systems. Computed tomography (CT) imaging is a potential method to mo...

    Authors: Annelotte Vos, Guido Kranenburg, Pim A. de Jong, Willem P. T. M. Mali, Wim Van Hecke, Ronald L. A. W. Bleys, Ivana Isgum, Aryan Vink and Wilko Spiering

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:621

    Content type: Original Article

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  19. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has revolutionised stroke imaging since its introduction in the mid-1980s, and it has also become a pillar of current neuroimaging. Diffusion abnormalities represent alteration...

    Authors: Marta Drake-Pérez, Jose Boto, Aikaterini Fitsiori, Karl Lovblad and Maria Isabel Vargas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:624

    Content type: Review

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  20. To compare the estimation of carotid artery stenosis by computed tomography angiography (CTA) based on cross-sectional area versus the smallest diameter measurement, and test the accuracy of both CTA measureme...

    Authors: Kristina Samarzija, Petar Milosevic, Zoran Jurjevic and Emilija Erdeljac

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:622

    Content type: Original Article

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  21. Quality assurance is the key component of modern radiology. A telemedicine-based quality assurance system helps to overcome the “scoring” approach and makes the quality control more accessible and objective.

    Authors: Sergey Morozov, Ekaterina Guseva, Natalya Ledikhova, Anton Vladzymyrskyy and Dmitry Safronov

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:629

    Content type: Original Article

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  22. The digitalization of modern imaging has led radiologists to become very familiar with computers and their user interfaces (UI). New options for display and command offer expanded possibilities, but the mouse ...

    Authors: Antoine Iannessi, Pierre-Yves Marcy, Olivier Clatz, Anne-Sophie Bertrand and Maki Sugimoto

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:620

    Content type: Review

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  23. Neurological complications of paediatric cancers are a substantial problem. Complications can be primary from central nervous system (CNS) spread or secondary from indirect or remote effects of cancer, as well...

    Authors: Tetsuhiko Okabe, Taiki Nozaki, Noriko Aida, Jay Starkey, Mikako Enokizono, Tetsu Niwa, Atsuhiko Handa, Yuji Numaguchi and Yasuyuki Kurihara

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:628

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  24. Although rare, masses and mass-like lesions of developmental and genetic origin may affect the paediatric craniofacial skeleton. They represent a major challenge in clinical practice because they can lead to f...

    Authors: Salvatore Stefanelli, Pravin Mundada, Anne-Laure Rougemont, Vincent Lenoir, Paolo Scolozzi, Laura Merlini and Minerva Becker

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:623

    Content type: Review

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  25. In the last decade, autoimmune pancreatitis has become recognised as part of a wider spectrum of IgG4-related disease, typically associated with elevated serum IgG4 levels and demonstrating a response to corti...

    Authors: Christopher Siew Wai Tang, Nishanth Sivarasan and Nyree Griffin

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:618

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  26. Divided by the mylohyoid muscle, the sublingual and submandibular spaces represent a relatively small part of the oral cavity, but account for a disproportionate amount of pathological processes. These entitie...

    Authors: Swapnil Patel and Alok A. Bhatt

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:615

    Content type: Review

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  27. The number and complexity of endovascular procedures performed via either arterial or venous access are steadily increasing. Albeit associated with higher morbidity compared to the radial approach, the traditi...

    Authors: Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Domenico Laganà

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:613

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  28. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows to non-invasively evaluate rectal cancer staging and to assess the presence of “prognostic signs” such as the distance from the anorectal junction, the mesorectal fascia...

    Authors: Andrea Delli Pizzi, Raffaella Basilico, Roberta Cianci, Barbara Seccia, Mauro Timpani, Alessandra Tavoletta, Daniele Caposiena, Barbara Faricelli, Daniela Gabrielli and Massimo Caulo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:606

    Content type: Review

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  29. Meckel’s cave is a dural recess in the posteromedial portion of the middle cranial fossa that acts as a conduit for the trigeminal nerve between the prepontine cistern and the cavernous sinus, and houses the G...

    Authors: Ajay Malhotra, Long Tu, Vivek B. Kalra, Xiao Wu, Ali Mian, Rajiv Mangla, Elias Michaelides, Pina Sanelli and Dheeraj Gandhi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:604

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  30. Lung cancer patients often experience potentially life-threatening medical urgencies and emergencies, which may be a direct or indirect result of the underlying malignancy. This pictorial review addresses the ...

    Authors: Bruno De Potter, Jef Huyskens, Birgitta Hiddinga, Maarten Spinhoven, Annelies Janssens, Jan P. van Meerbeeck, Paul M. Parizel and Annemie Snoeckx

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:605

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  31. Surgical partial nephrectomy is still considered as the “gold standard” for the definitive management of small malignant renal masses, whereas treatment with image-guided percutaneous ablation is still mainly ...

    Authors: Miltiadis E. Krokidis, Panagiotis Kitrou, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Dimitrios Karnabatidis and Konstantinos Katsanos

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:607

    Content type: Review

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  32. The Fontan procedures, designed to treat paediatric patients with functional single ventricles, have markedly improved the patient’s survival into adulthood. The physiology of the Fontan circuit inevitably inc...

    Authors: Tae-Hyung Kim, Hyun Kyung Yang, Hyun-Jung Jang, Shi-Joon Yoo, Korosh Khalili and Tae Kyoung Kim

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:609

    Content type: Review

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  33. Due to its superior sensitivity, breast MRI (bMRI) has been established as an important additional diagnostic tool in the breast clinic and is used for screening in patients with an elevated risk for breast ca...

    Authors: Matthias Dietzel and Pascal A. T. Baltzer

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:611

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  34. A variety of structural developmental anomalies affect the vertebral column. Malformed vertebrae can arise secondary to errors of vertebral formation, fusion and/or segmentation and developmental variation. Ma...

    Authors: Apeksha Chaturvedi, Nina B. Klionsky, Umakanthan Nadarajah, Abhishek Chaturvedi and Steven P. Meyers

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:598

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  35. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a technique that has developed as an adjunct to conventional ultrasound. CEUS offers a number of benefits over conventional axial imaging with computerised tomography and...

    Authors: G. T. Yusuf, C. Fang, D. Y. Huang, M. E. Sellars, A. Deganello and P. S. Sidhu

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:601

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  36. Percutaneous approaches for pelvic bone procedures (bone biopsies, tumour ablation and cementoplasty) are multiple and less well systematised than for the spine or extremities. Among the different imaging tech...

    Authors: Marta Oñate Miranda and Thomas P. Moser

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:600

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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  37. Leading radiologists and representatives from national radiation protection regulatory authorities and health ministries from 19 countries of the European region worked together with five experts at the worksh...

    Authors: D. Remedios, B. Brkljacic, S. Ebdon-Jackson, M. Hierath, V. Sinitsyn and J. Vassileva

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:602

    Content type: Guideline

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  38. Hyperechogenicity is a sign classically reported to be in favour of a benign lesion and can be observed in many types of benign breast lesions such as hamartoma, lipoma, angiolipoma, haemangioma, haematoma, fa...

    Authors: Gabrielle Journo, Guillaume Bataillon, Raphael Benchimol, Asma Bekhouche, Chloe Dratwa, Delphine Sebbag-Sfez, Anne Tardivon, Fabienne Thibault, Catherine Ala-Eddine, Pascal Chérel and Caroline Malhaire

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2018 9:590

    Content type: Pictorial Review

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