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Table 1 Complications after port implantation

From: Complications of central venous port systems: a pictorial review

Early complications
• Malposition: intravenous, cardiac
• Arrhythmia
• Perforation and bleeding: hemothorax, mediastinal, cardiac tamponade
• Arterial malpositioning
• Pneumothorax
• Thoracic duct injury
• Air embolism
• Infection
• Venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism
• Venous stenosis
• Catheter pinch-off, fracture and migration
• Catheter embolization
• Air embolism