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Table 1 Clinical characteristics, pulmonary function test data and biopsy complications

From: Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: role of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and CT-guided transthoracic core lung biopsy

Characteristics Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 3 Patient 4
Age at diagnosis (years) 67 59 64 60
Gender Female Female Female Female
Smoking status Never smoker Never smoker Never smoker Ex-smoker
Personal history None Pulmonary tuberculosis; post-infectious bronchiectasis; recurrent respiratory infections Occupational exposure (varnishes, 2 years; paints and butyl acetate, 3 years)
Exposure to birds at the diagnosis for 3 years
Occupational exposure (carpets and cork)
Previous diagnosis of chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis
Family history None None Mother died of IPF3 None
Symptoms DOE2, nonproductive cough DOE2, productive cough DOE2, nonproductive cough DOE2, nonproductive cough
Pulmonary function data Mild restrictive ventilatory impairment with mild decreased of diffusion capacity Moderate restrictive ventilatory impairment with severe decrease of diffusion capacity Mild restrictive ventilatory impairment with mild decreased of diffusion capacity Mild restrictive ventilatory impairment with mild decreased of diffusion capacity
Biopsy complications
 1. Subcutaneous emphysema Yes No No No
 2. Pneumothorax Yes Yes Yes Yes
  CTP1 Yes Yes Yes No
  Length of hospital stay 17 days (1st biopsy inconclusive; the two biopsies were performed with a 10-day interval) 5 days 3 days 1 day
Follow-up Died - 20 months after diagnosis Alive - 36 months after diagnosis Alive - 24 months after diagnosis Alive - 18 months after diagnosis
  1. 1CTP - chest tube placement, 2DOE - dyspnoea on exertion, 3IPF - idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis