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Table 4 Detriment adjusted risks caused by AP pelvic radiography with and without gonad shielding

From: Gonad shielding in paediatric pelvic radiography: disadvantages prevail over benefit

Age Total risk without shielding Hereditary risk without shielding Hereditary risk with shielding
Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
(years) per 106 per 106 per 106 per 106 per 106 per 106
0-1 1.6 1.3 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.1
1-5 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0
5-10 2.0 1.6 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1
10-15a 4.2 2.7 1.7 0.5 0.4 0.3
10-15b 10.2 6.8 3.9 1.3 0.9 0.7
  1. aSmaller children, typically no grid and no AEC
  2. bLarger children, typically with grid and AEC