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Table 3 Stochastic effects, DRLs for fluoroscopy-guided intervention

From: White paper on radiation protection by the European Society of Radiology

Examination Dose-area product [Gy × cm2) Source
Coronary angiography 57 (6 min, 1,270 frames) Neofotistou et al. [3]
Coronary angioplasty 94 (16 min., 1,355 frames)
Angioplasty (other) 25 (22–27) Marshall et al. [4]
Stenting 56 (50–64)
Embolization 160 (127–203)
Biliary intervention 66 (54–84)
ERCP 16 (15–64)
Drainage 36 (25–51)