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  1. This discussion paper has been produced within the context of the European Society of Radiology EuroSafe Imaging initiative and considers primarily the issues and challenges associated with justification of me...

    Authors: Steve Ebdon-Jackson and Guy Frija

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:2

    Content type: Statement

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  2. Possible COVID-19 pneumonia patients (ppCOVID-19) generally overwhelmed emergency departments (EDs) during the first COVID-19 wave. Home-confinement and primary-care phone follow-up was the first-level regiona...

    Authors: José M. García Santos, Juana M. Plasencia Martínez, Pablo Fabuel Ortega, Marina Lozano Ros, María Carmen Sánchez Ayala, Gloria Pérez Hernández and Pedro Menchón Martínez

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:1

    Content type: Original Article

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  3. The Value-Based Healthcare (VBH) concept is designed to improve individual healthcare outcomes without increasing expenditure, and is increasingly being used to determine resourcing of and reimbursement for me...

    Authors: Adrian P. Brady, Jaqueline A. Bello, Lorenzo E. Derchi, Michael Fuchsjäger, Stacy Goergen, Gabriel P. Krestin, Emil J. Y. Lee, David C. Levin, Josephine Pressacco, Vijay M. Rao, John Slavotinek, Jacob J. Visser, Richard E. A. Walker and James A. Brink

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:136

    Content type: Statement

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  4. This study aimed to calculate an applicable relative ratio threshold value instead of the absolute threshold value for simultaneous 68Ga prostate-specific membrane antigen/positron emission tomography ([68Ga]Ga-P...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Bernd Hamm, Winfried Brenner and Marcus R. Makowski

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:137

    Content type: Original Article

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  5. Although some national recommendations for the role of radiology in a polytrauma service exist, there are no European guidelines to date. Additionally, for many interdisciplinary guidelines, radiology tends to...

    Authors: Stefan Wirth, Julian Hebebrand, Raffaella Basilico, Ferco H. Berger, Ana Blanco, Cem Calli, Maureen Dumba, Ulrich Linsenmaier, Fabian Mück, Konraad H. Nieboer, Mariano Scaglione, Marc-André Weber and Elizabeth Dick

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:135

    Content type: Guideline

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  6. There has been a recent explosion of research into the field of artificial intelligence as applied to clinical radiology with the advent of highly accurate computer vision technology. These studies, however, v...

    Authors: Brendan Kelly, Conor Judge, Stephanie M. Bollard, Simon M. Clifford, Gerard M. Healy, Kristen W. Yeom, Aonghus Lawlor and Ronan P. Killeen

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:133

    Content type: Critical Review

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  7. Iodinated contrast media (ICM) could be more appropriately dosed on patient lean body weight (LBW) than on total body weight (TBW).

    Authors: Moreno Zanardo, Fabio Martino Doniselli, Anastassia Esseridou, Massimiliano Agrò, Nicol Antonina Rita Panarisi, Caterina Beatrice Monti, Giovanni Di Leo and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:132

    Content type: Original Article

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  8. In Italy, the first case of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was officially reported on 20.02.2020. The disease has since rapidly evolved, causing a public health emergency throughout the country but es...

    Authors: Alice Rossi, Andrea Prochowski Iamurri, Claudio Cerchione, Nicola Gentili, Valentina Danesi, Mattia Altini, Giovanni Paganelli and Domenico Barone

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:129

    Content type: Critical Review

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  9. Time-efficient and accurate whole volume thigh muscle segmentation is a major challenge in moving from qualitative assessment of thigh muscle MRI to more quantitative methods. This study developed an automated...

    Authors: Jie Ding, Peng Cao, Hing-Chiu Chang, Yuan Gao, Sophelia Hoi Shan Chan and Varut Vardhanabhuti

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:128

    Content type: Original Article

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  10. To assess awareness and knowledge of Interventional Radiology (IR) in a large population of medical students in 2019.

    Authors: Pierre Auloge, Julien Garnon, Joey Marie Robinson, Sarah Dbouk, Jean Sibilia, Marc Braun, Dominique Vanpee, Guillaume Koch, Roberto Luigi Cazzato and Afshin Gangi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:127

    Content type: Original Article

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  11. To study the diffusion tensor-based fiber tracking feasibility to access the male urethral sphincter complex of patients with prostate cancer undergoing Retzius-sparing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical pros...

    Authors: Ana S. C. Verde, Joao Santinha, Eunice Carrasquinha, Nuno Loucao, Ana Gaivao, Jorge Fonseca, Celso Matos and Nikolaos Papanikolaou

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:126

    Content type: Original Article

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  12. The role of radiology in medicine and healthcare is rapidly expanding worldwide, but awareness about this field among medical students is poor. This is the first study to assess Syrian medical students’ knowle...

    Authors: Mhd Obai Alchallah, Hlma Ismail, Tala Dia, Mosa Shibani, Mhd Amin Alzabibi, Fatema Mohsen, Khaled Turkmani and Bisher Sawaf

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:124

    Content type: Original Article

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  13. We aimed to assess extracellular volume (ECV) through non-gated, contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) before and after radiation therapy (RT) in patients with esophageal cancer (EC).

    Authors: Davide Capra, Caterina Beatrice Monti, Alberto Gianluigi Luporini, Fabrizio Lombardi, Calogero Gumina, Andrea Sironi, Emanuele Luigi Giuseppe Asti, Luigi Bonavina, Francesco Secchi and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:120

    Content type: Original Article

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  14. With recent transformations in medical education, the integration of technology to improve medical students’ abilities has become feasible. Artificial intelligence (AI) has impacted several aspects of healthca...

    Authors: Chi-Tung Cheng, Chih-Chi Chen, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Yu-Tung Wu, Chih-Po Hsu, Chih-Chen Chang, I-Fang Chung, Chi-Hsun Hsieh, Ming-Ju Hsieh and Chien-Hung Liao

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:119

    Content type: Original Article

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  15. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has rapidly spread worldwide since December 2019. Although the reference diagnostic test is a real-t...

    Authors: Selin Ardali Duzgun, Gamze Durhan, Figen Basaran Demirkazik, Meltem Gulsun Akpinar and Orhan Macit Ariyurek

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:118

    Content type: Educational Review

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  16. Low-dose chest CT (LDCT) showed high sensitivity and ability to quantify lung involvement of COVID-19 pneumopathy. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and risk factors for lung involvement in ...

    Authors: Maxime Castelli, Arnaud Maurin, Axel Bartoli, Michael Dassa, Baptiste Marchi, Julie Finance, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Matthieu Million, Philippe Parola, Philippe Brouqui, Didier Raoult, Sebastien Cortaredona, Alexis Jacquier, Jean-Yves Gaubert and Paul Habert

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:117

    Content type: Original Article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2021 12:21

  17. Hydatid cyst caused by the larval form of Echinococcus is a worldwide zoonosis. The lungs and liver are the most common sites involved. While the lung parenchyma is the most common site within the thorax, it may ...

    Authors: Gamze Durhan, Aziz Anıl Tan, Selin Ardalı Düzgün, Selçuk Akkaya and Orhan Macit Arıyürek

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:116

    Content type: Educational Review

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  18. The objective of this study was to compare the radiology report turnaround time (RTAT) between decentralized/modality-based and centralized/subspecialized radiological reporting at a multi-center radiology ent...

    Authors: Andreas Otto Josef Zabel, Sebastian Leschka, Simon Wildermuth, Juerg Hodler and Tobias Johannes Dietrich

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:114

    Content type: Original Article

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  19. To evaluate the effect of abolishing instructions to fast prior to contrast-enhanced CT on acute adverse reactions (AARs).

    Authors: Yoshito Tsushima, Yuko Seki, Takahito Nakajima, Hiromi Hirasawa, Ayako Taketomi-Takahashi, Shogo Tan and Takayuki Suto

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:113

    Content type: Original Article

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  20. Differential diagnosis in non-traumatic acute abdomen is broad and unrelated diseases may simulate each other from a clinical perspective. Despite the fact that they are not as common, acute abdominal pain due...

    Authors: Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Aycan Uysal, Deniz Akata, Mustafa Nasuh Ozmen and Musturay Karcaaltincaba

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:112

    Content type: Educational Review

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  21. Acute or chronic non-neoplastic diffuse mediastinal diseases have multiple causes, degrees of severity, and a wide range of management. Some situations require emergency care while others do not need specific ...

    Authors: Flavian Tabotta, Gilbert R. Ferretti, Helmut Prosch, Samia Boussouar, Anne-Laure Brun, Justus E. Roos, Lukas Ebner, Igor Letovanec, Michel Brauner and Catherine Beigelman-Aubry

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:111

    Content type: Educational Review

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  22. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common thoracic venous anomaly and may be a component of the complex cardiac pathologies. While it is often asymptomatic, it can lead to significant probl...

    Authors: Aynur Azizova, Omer Onder, Sevtap Arslan, Selin Ardali and Tuncay Hazirolan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:110

    Content type: Educational Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2021 12:49

  23. Muscle injuries of the lower limbs are currently the most common sport-related injuries, the impact of which is particularly significant in elite athletes. MRI is the imaging modality of choice in assessing ac...

    Authors: Jaime Isern-Kebschull, Sandra Mechó, Ricard Pruna, Ara Kassarjian, Xavier Valle, Xavier Yanguas, Xavier Alomar, Javier Martinez, Jaume Pomés and Gil Rodas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:108

    Content type: Educational Review

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  24. Anterior knee pain (AKP) is a problematic complaint, considered to be the most frequent cause of orthopedic consultancy for knee problems. This study aimed to highlight diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography a...

    Authors: Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Diaa Bakry Eldib, Sameh Abdelaziz Aly, Taghreed M. Azmy, Nader E. M. Mahmoud, Tarek Mohamed Ghandour, Tarek Aly, Shimaa Mostafa, Asmaa M. Elaidy and Hesham Youssef Algazzar

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:107

    Content type: Original Article

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  25. Our aim was to develop a structured reporting concept (structured oncology report, SOR) for general follow-up assessment of cancer patients in clinical routine. Furthermore, we analysed the report quality of S...

    Authors: Tim Frederik Weber, Manuela Spurny, Felix Christian Hasse, Oliver Sedlaczek, Georg Martin Haag, Christoph Springfeld, Theresa Mokry, Dirk Jäger, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Anne Katrin Berger

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:106

    Content type: Original Article

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  26. Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female cancer and the second cause of death among women worldwide. The 5-year relative survival rate recently improved up to 90% due to increased population coverage and w...

    Authors: Rubina Manuela Trimboli, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Nicolò Matteo Luca Battisti, Andrea Cozzi, Veronica Magni, Moreno Zanardo and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:105

    Content type: Critical Review

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  27. Desmoid tumors (DTs) are a rare and biologically heterogeneous group of locally aggressive fibroblastic neoplasm: their biological behavior spectrum ranges from indolent to aggressive tumors. DTs are classifie...

    Authors: F. Rosa, C. Martinetti, F. Piscopo, D. Buccicardi, D. Schettini, C. E. Neumaier, N. Gandolfo, L. Grazioli and A. Gastaldo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:103

    Content type: Educational Review

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  28. To investigate if patients with confirmed traumatic abdominal injury and a false-negative focused abdominal sonography for trauma (FAST) examination have a more favorable prognosis than those with a true-posit...

    Authors: Mohammed H. A. Alramdan, Derya Yakar, Frank F. A. IJpma, Ömer Kasalak and Thomas C. Kwee

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:102

    Content type: Original Article

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  29. To evaluate the added value of the hepatobiliary (HPB) phase in gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in characterizing newly discovered indeterminate focal liver lesions in non-cirrhotic pa...

    Authors: Bardia Moosavi, Anuradha S. Shenoy-Bhangle, Leo L. Tsai, Robert Reuf and Koenraad J. Mortele

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:101

    Content type: Original Article

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  30. Rectal cancer has the eighth highest cancer incidence worldwide, and it is increasing in young individuals. However, in countries with a high human development index, mortality is decreasing, which may reflect...

    Authors: Inês Santiago, Nuno Figueiredo, Oriol Parés and Celso Matos

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:100

    Content type: Educational Review

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  31. With the development of chemotherapy regimens, targeted therapies, and hepatic surgery, the survival of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) has dramatically improved. Imaging plays a central role ...

    Authors: Luisa Paulatto, Marco Dioguardi Burgio, Riccardo Sartoris, Aurélie Beaufrère, François Cauchy, Valérie Paradis, Valérie Vilgrain and Maxime Ronot

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:99

    Content type: Educational Review

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  32. Injected drug use is associated with a wide range of medical complications which are predominantly musculoskeletal and vascular in nature. Illicit drug use is increasing worldwide. Patients with complications ...

    Authors: Francis T. Delaney, Emma Stanley and Ferdia Bolster

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:98

    Content type: Educational Review

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  33. In August 2017, the European Commission awarded the “European Study on Clinical Diagnostic Reference levels for X-ray Medical Imaging” project to the European Society of Radiology, to provide up-to-date Diagno...

    Authors: Graciano Paulo, John Damilakis, Virginia Tsapaki, Alexander A. Schegerer, Jacques Repussard, Werner Jaschke and Guy Frija

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:96

    Content type: Original Article

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  34. To investigate the relationship between the elasticity of the carotid artery and the LV (left ventricle) systolic function in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) by using two-dimensional speckle-tracking s...

    Authors: Xiuyun Li, Hongju Kou, Yanyan Dong, Chao Zheng, Pengfei Wang, Maosheng Xu, Chunpeng Zou and Liang Wang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:95

    Content type: Original Article

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  35. Ovarian cancer survival rates have not changed in the last 20 years. The majority of cases are High-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSOCs), which are typically diagnosed at an advanced stage with multiple me...

    Authors: Paula Martin-Gonzalez, Mireia Crispin-Ortuzar, Leonardo Rundo, Maria Delgado-Ortet, Marika Reinius, Lucian Beer, Ramona Woitek, Stephan Ursprung, Helen Addley, James D. Brenton, Florian Markowetz and Evis Sala

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:94

    Content type: Critical Review

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  36. Cochlear implants are increasingly used to treat sensorineural hearing disorders in both children and adults. Pre-operative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging play a pivotal role in patient sel...

    Authors: Gerlig Widmann, Daniel Dejaco, Anna Luger and Joachim Schmutzhard

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:93

    Content type: Educational Review

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  37. The need of a standardized reporting scheme and language, in imaging of COVID-19 pneumonia, has been welcomed by major scientific societies. The aim of the study was to build the reporting scheme of chest CT i...

    Authors: E. Neri, F. Coppola, A. R. Larici, N. Sverzellati, M. A. Mazzei, P. Sacco, G. Dalpiaz, B. Feragalli, V. Miele and R. Grassi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:92

    Content type: Original Article

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  38. Radiomics is a quantitative approach to medical imaging, which aims at enhancing the existing data available to clinicians by means of advanced mathematical analysis. Through mathematical extraction of the spa...

    Authors: Janita E. van Timmeren, Davide Cester, Stephanie Tanadini-Lang, Hatem Alkadhi and Bettina Baessler

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:91

    Content type: Educational Review

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  39. Congenital and hereditary cystic lesions of the abdomen are relatively rare. Correct diagnosis is critical as they may simulate several other benign and malignant acquired diseases of the abdomen. With the cor...

    Authors: Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Sevtap Arslan, Deniz Akata, Mustafa Ozmen, Mithat Haliloglu, Berna Oguz and Musturay Karcaaltincaba

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2020 11:90

    Content type: Educational Review

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