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  1. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and the morphology of the cerebral arteries are important for characterizing cerebrovascular disease. Silent magnetic resonance angiography (Silent MRA) is a MRA technique focusing on...

    Authors: Zhen-An Hwang, Chia-Wei Li, Chien-Yuan Eddy Lin, Jyh-Horng Chen, Chia-Yuen Chen and Wing P. Chan
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:185
  2. As the paucity of data focusing on evaluating cardiac structure and function in patients with or without gene mutation, this study was sought to investigate the correlation between genotype and cardiac magneti...

    Authors: Di Zhou, Shijie Li, Arlene Sirajuddin, Weichun Wu, Jinghan Huang, Xiaoxin Sun, Shihua Zhao, Jielin Pu and Minjie Lu
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:184
  3. Imaging of morphologic changes in the vertebral spine in axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) is routinely performed with conventional radiography limited by superposition in the thoracic segments and radiation expos...

    Authors: Gabriel Adelsmayr, Andreas Haidmayer, Christopher Spreizer, Michael Janisch, Franz Quehenberger, Eva Klocker, Winfried Graninger, Michael Fuchsjäger and Josef Hermann
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:183
  4. To investigate the utility of three-dimensional (3D) amide proton transfer-weighted (APTw) imaging to differentiate mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) and mismatch repair proficient (pMMR) tumors in endometrioid...

    Authors: Yuan Li, Xinyu Liu, Xiaoqi Wang, Chengyu Lin, Yafei Qi, Bo Chen, Hailong Zhou, Qiaoling Wu, Jing Ren, Jia Zhao, Junjun Yang, Yang Xiang, Yonglan He, Zhengyu Jin and Huadan Xue
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:182
  5. Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) has a greater tendency to metastasize to the peritoneum, retroperitoneum, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract as compared to invasive carcinoma of no special type (NST). Like prima...

    Authors: Ying Mei Wong, Pooja Jagmohan, Yong Geng Goh, Thomas Choudary Putti, Samuel Guan Wei Ow, Yee Liang Thian and Premilla Pillay
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:181
  6. All substances exert magnetic properties in some extent when placed in an external magnetic field. Magnetic susceptibility represents a measure of the magnitude of magnetization of a certain substance when the...

    Authors: Michele Gaeta, Marco Cavallaro, Sergio Lucio Vinci, Enricomaria Mormina, Alfredo Blandino, Maria Adele Marino, Francesca Granata, Agostino Tessitore, Karol Galletta, Tommaso D’Angelo and Carmela Visalli
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:179
  7. To evaluate the changes in magnetic resonance imaging-based body composition parameters during follow-ups in patients with Crohn's disease (CD).

    Authors: Ziling Zhou, Ziman Xiong, Yaqi Shen, Zhen Li, Xuemei Hu and Daoyu Hu
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:178
  8. There is increasing awareness of the benefits of formal mentorship programmes in radiology. In the context of the COVID 19 pandemic which impacted on education, professional engagement and networking within th...

    Authors: Steve Connor and Soraya Robinson
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:177
  9. Spinal infections are very commonly encountered by radiologists in their routine clinical practice. In case of typical MRI features, the diagnosis is relatively easy to interpret, all the more so if the clinic...

    Authors: Sana Boudabbous, Emilie Nicodème Paulin, Bénédicte Marie Anne Delattre, Marion Hamard and Maria Isabel Vargas
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:176
  10. Detection of pulmonary nodules in MRI requires fast imaging strategies without respiratory motion impairment, such as single-breath-hold Cartesian VIBE. As patients with pulmonary diseases have limited breath-...

    Authors: Susann-Cathrin Olthof, Christian Reinert, Konstantin Nikolaou, Christina Pfannenberg, Sergios Gatidis, Thomas Benkert, Thomas Küstner and Patrick Krumm
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:175
  11. The peritoneal cavity is the second commonest site of mesothelioma after the pleural cavity. There are five histological types of peritoneal mesothelioma with variable symptomatology, clinical presentation and...

    Authors: Anuradha Chandramohan, Nehal Shah, Andrew Thrower, Norman John Carr, Rohin Mittal, Faheez Mohamed and Brendan Moran
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:174
  12. The imaging features of focal liver lesions (FLLs) are diverse and complex. Diagnosing FLLs with imaging alone remains challenging. We developed and validated an interpretable deep learning model for the class...

    Authors: Shu-Hui Wang, Xin-Jun Han, Jing Du, Zhen-Chang Wang, Chunwang Yuan, Yinan Chen, Yajing Zhu, Xin Dou, Xiao-Wei Xu, Hui Xu and Zheng-Han Yang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:173
  13. To quantify metal artifact reduction using 130 keV virtual monochromatic imaging (VMI) with and without orthopedic metal artifact reduction (O-MAR) in total hip arthroplasty.

    Authors: Mark Selles, Vera H. Stuivenberg, Ruud H. H. Wellenberg, Loes van de Riet, Ingrid M. Nijholt, Jochen A. C. van Osch, Robbert W. van Hamersvelt, Tim Leiner and Martijn F. Boomsma
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:171
  14. To investigate the predictive performance of machine learning-based CT radiomics for differentiating between low- and high-nuclear grade of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (CCRCCs).

    Authors: Yingjie Xv, Fajin Lv, Haoming Guo, Xiang Zhou, Hao Tan, Mingzhao Xiao and Yineng Zheng
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:170
  15. Pneumonic-type lung adenocarcinoma (PLADC) with different ranges might exhibit different imaging and clinicopathological features. This study divided PLADC into localized PLADC (L-PLADC) and diffuse PLADC (D-P...

    Authors: Ji-wen Huo, Xing-tao Huang, Xian Li, Jun-wei Gong, Tian-you Luo and Qi Li
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:169
  16. Cytoreductive surgery in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy has revolutionized the survival and the quality of life in selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. Preoperative CT ...

    Authors: Panagiota Berta Panagiotopoulou, Nikos Courcoutsakis, Apostolos Tentes and Panos Prassopoulos
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:168
  17. Mucormycosis (MCR) is a fulminant, potentially lethal, opportunistic fungal infection. Diabetes, immunocompromised states and elevated serum iron levels are the most important risk factors for contracting MCR ...

    Authors: Vivek Pai, Rima Sansi, Ritesh Kharche, Sridevi Chaitanya Bandili and Bhujang Pai
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:167
  18. The least amount of contrast medium (CM) should be used under the premise of adequate diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing ultra-low-dose (224 mgI/kg) CM for pancrea...

    Authors: Juan Li, Yu-hong Wang, Fu-ling Zheng, Xin-yue Chen, Yun Lin, Cai-rong Zhu, Yi-fan Wu, Qiang Xu, Zheng-yu Jin and Hua-dan Xue
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:166
  19. The diagnostic imaging field is experiencing considerable growth, followed by increasing production of massive amounts of data. The lack of standardization and privacy concerns are considered the main barriers...

    Authors: Marco Aiello, Giuseppina Esposito, Giulio Pagliari, Pasquale Borrelli, Valentina Brancato and Marco Salvatore
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:164
  20. Measuring muscle mass and muscle quality based on chest Computed Tomography (CT) images would facilitate sarcopenia and myosteatosis research. We aimed (1) to measure muscle mass and myosteatosis based on ches...

    Authors: Lingling Tan, Guiyi Ji, Ting Bao, Hongbo Fu, Ling Yang and Ming Yang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:163
  21. Despite the prevalence of chest CT in the clinic, concerns about unoptimized protocols delivering high radiation doses to patients still remain. This study aimed to assess the additional radiation dose associa...

    Authors: Yazdan Salimi, Isaac Shiri, Azadeh Akhavanallaf, Zahra Mansouri, Abdollah Saberi Manesh, Amirhossein Sanaat, Masoumeh Pakbin, Dariush Askari, Saleh Sandoughdaran, Ehsan Sharifipour, Hossein Arabi and Habib Zaidi
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:162
  22. We investigated the radiodensity of epicardial (EAT), subcutaneous (SAT), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) before and after treatment with anthracyclines in a population of breast cancer (BC) patients, and in...

    Authors: Caterina Beatrice Monti, Simone Schiaffino, Maria Del Mar Galimberti Ortiz, Davide Capra, Moreno Zanardo, Elena De Benedictis, Alberto Gianluigi Luporini, Pietro Spagnolo, Francesco Secchi and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:161
  23. To investigate diagnostic errors and their association with adverse outcomes (AOs) during patient revisits with repeat imaging (RVRIs) in the emergency department (ED).

    Authors: Yura Ahn, Gil-Sun Hong, Kye Jin Park, Choong Wook Lee, Ju Hee Lee and Seon-Ok Kim
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:160
  24. This cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) study investigates the impact of trabeculae and papillary muscles (TPM) on diastolic function parameters by differentiation of the time-volume curve. Differentiatio...

    Authors: Bjoern P. Schoennagel, Kai Müllerleile, Enver Tahir, Jitka Starekova, Regine Grosse, Jin Yamamura, Peter Bannas, Gerhard Adam and Roland Fischer
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:159
  25. Cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) in chest radiographs is still widely used to estimate cardiac size despite the advent of newer imaging techniques. We hypothesise that a universal CTR cut-off value of 50% is a poor ...

    Authors: Paulius Simkus, Manuel Gutierrez Gimeno, Audra Banisauskaite, Jurate Noreikaite, David McCreavy, Diana Penha and Monika Arzanauskaite
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:158
  26. Despite that machine learning (ML)-based MRI has been evaluated for diagnosis of axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) in breast cancer patients, diagnostic values they showed have been variable. In this study...

    Authors: Chen Chen, Yuhui Qin, Haotian Chen, Dongyong Zhu, Fabao Gao and Xiaoyue Zhou
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:156
  27. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has posed a major public health crisis all over the world. The role of chest imaging, especially computed tomography (CT), has evolved during the pandemic paralleli...

    Authors: Shohei Inui, Wataru Gonoi, Ryo Kurokawa, Yudai Nakai, Yusuke Watanabe, Keita Sakurai, Masanori Ishida, Akira Fujikawa and Osamu Abe
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:155
  28. Congenital lung diseases in adults are rare diseases that can present with symptoms or be detected incidentally. Familiarity with the imaging features of different types of congenital lung diseases helps both ...

    Authors: Gamze Durhan, Selin Ardali Duzgun, Meltem Gülsün Akpınar, Figen Demirkazık and Orhan Macit Arıyürek
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:153
  29. This article is a comprehensive review of the basic background, technique, and clinical applications of artificial intelligence (AI) and radiomics in the field of neuro-oncology. A variety of AI and radiomics ...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek, Ahmed Alksas, Mohamed Shehata, Amr AbdelKhalek, Khaled Abdel Baky, Ayman El-Baz and Eman Helmy
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:152
  30. To evaluate the 3D Fast Gray Acquisition T1 Inversion Recovery (FGATIR) sequence for MRI identification of brainstem tracts and nuclei damage in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.

    Authors: Thien Huong Nguyen, Alexis Vaussy, Violette Le Gaudu, Jennifer Aboab, Sophie Espinoza, Irina Curajos, Emmanuel Heron and Christophe Habas
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:151
  31. To investigate a previously developed radiomics-based biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI) approach for discrimination of clinically significant peripheral zone prostate cancer (PZ csPCa) using mult...

    Authors: Jeroen Bleker, Derya Yakar, Bram van Noort, Dennis Rouw, Igle Jan de Jong, Rudi A. J. O. Dierckx, Thomas C. Kwee and Henkjan Huisman
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:150
  32. Currently, mammography and ultrasonography are the most used imaging techniques for breast cancer screening. However, these examinations report many indeterminate studies with a low probability of being malign...

    Authors: Liliana Hernández, Gloria M. Díaz, Catalina Posada and Alejandro Llano-Sierra
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:149
  33. Increasing numbers of patients and carers rely on online resources for healthcare information. Radiation safety can be misunderstood by patients and clinicians and lead to patient anxiety. We aimed to assess t...

    Authors: Francis T. Delaney, Tiarnán Ó. Doinn, James M. Broderick and Emma Stanley
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:148
  34. To assess the similarity and differences of radiomics features on full field digital mammography (FFDM) in FOR PROCESSING and FOR PRESENTATION data.

    Authors: Mario Sansone, Roberta Grassi, Maria Paola Belfiore, Gianluca Gatta, Francesca Grassi, Fabio Pinto, Giorgia Viola La Casella, Roberta Fusco, Salvatore Cappabianca, Vincenza Granata and Roberto Grassi
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:147
  35. To explore whether multiparametric approach including blood oxygenation level-dependent MRI (BOLD-MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) can be applied in the assessment of...

    Authors: Ping Liang, Yaxian Chen, ShiChao Li, Chuou Xu, Guanjie Yuan, Daoyu Hu, Ihab Kamel, Yu Zhang and Zhen Li
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:146
  36. The factors affecting intra-operator variability of two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) have not been clearly established. We evaluated 2D-SWE variability according to the number of measurements, ...

    Authors: Marco Dioguardi Burgio, Jules Grégory, Maxime Ronot, Riccardo Sartoris, Gilles Chatellier and Valérie Vilgrain
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:145
  37. Heterotopic pancreas (HP) is an uncommon congenital abnormality in the developmental process of the pancreas, with gastrointestinal heterotopic pancreas (GHP) being the most common HP. The clinical manifestati...

    Authors: Cai-Wei Yang, Feng Che, Xi-Jiao Liu, Yuan Yin, Bo Zhang and Bin Song
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:144
  38. Paradigm shift toward nonoperative management (NOM) of adult appendicitis has made computed tomography (CT) more important than ever, particularly in differentiating complicated from uncomplicated disease. Com...

    Authors: Jidapa Iamwat, Wanwarang Teerasamit, Piyaporn Apisarnthanarak, Napakadol Noppakunsomboon and Rathachai Kaewlai
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:143
  39. The purpose of our study was to analyze the clinical and imaging features of uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) and cervical carcinosarcoma (CCS), and to explore the diagnostic and staging accuracy of computed tomog...

    Authors: Liming Li, Wenpeng Huang, Kangkang Xue, Leiyu Feng, Yijing Han, Rui Wang and Jianbo Gao
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:142
  40. Due to the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it proved necessary to rapidly change medical education from on-site to online teaching. Thus, medical educators were forced to rethink the purpo...

    Authors: Fabian Stoehr, Lukas Müller, Adrian P. Brady, Carlo Catalano, Peter Mildenberger, Aline Mähringer-Kunz, Felix Hahn, Christoph Düber, Erkan Celik, Elisabeth Diehl, Pavel Dietz, Daniel Pinto dos Santos and Roman Kloeckner
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:141
  41. The elbow is a complex joint whose biomechanical function is granted by the interplay and synergy of various anatomical structures. Articular stability is achieved by both static and dynamic constraints, which...

    Authors: Andrea Zagarella, Giulia Signorelli, Giulia Muscogiuri, Roberta Colombo, Gianluca Folco, Paolo Arrigoni, Mattia Radici, Pietro Simone Randelli and Mauro Battista Gallazzi
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:140

    The Correction to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2022 13:42

  42. The recently implemented European Council Basic Safety Standards Directive (BSSD), 2013/59/Euratom lays down core radiation protection standards for European radiology departments, including a mandatory requir...

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:139
  43. Spectral CT adds a new dimension to radiological evaluation, beyond assessment of anatomical abnormalities. Spectral data allows for detection of specific materials, improves image quality while at the same ti...

    Authors: Sharon Z. Adam, Aviad Rabinowich, Rivka Kessner and Arye Blachar
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:138
  44. Percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) is usually performed to treat acute pancreatitis complicated by infected walled-off necrosis (WON). Insufficient drainage of infected WON may lead to a prolonged recovery p...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Xu-dong Wen, Xiao Ma, Yong-qiang Zhu, Zhi-wei Jiang, Shang-qing Huang, Tao Wang and Wei-hui Liu
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:137
  45. Delivering consistent levels of training in cardiac imaging to radiologist is of pivotal importance because of the increasing clinical indications to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and cardiac...

    Authors: Marco Gatti, Carlo Liguori, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, Riccardo Faletti, Serena Dell’Aversana, Patrizia Toia, Gianluca De Rubeis, Paolo Di Renzi, Vincenzo Russo, Gesualdo Polizzi, Nicola Galea, Antonio Esposito and Marco Francone
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:136

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