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  1. Crohn’s disease (CD) is a condition that can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, although usually forms in the colon and terminal ileum. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a beneficial mo...

    Authors: Rani Ahmad, Amr M. Ajlan, Ayman A. Eskander, Turki A. Alhazmi, Khalid Khashoggi, Mohammad A. Wazzan and Ahmed H. Abduljabbar
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:118
  2. Deep learning is nowadays at the forefront of artificial intelligence. More precisely, the use of convolutional neural networks has drastically improved the learning capabilities of computer vision application...

    Authors: Lara Lloret Iglesias, Pablo Sanz Bellón, Amaia Pérez del Barrio, Pablo Menéndez Fernández-Miranda, David Rodríguez González, José A. Vega, Andrés A. González Mandly and José A. Parra Blanco
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:117
  3. Imaging findings after thoracic surgery can be misleading. Knowledge of the normal post-operative anatomy helps the radiologist to recognise life-threatening complications and conversely not to wrongly evoke a...

    Authors: Julien Burel, Mathias El Ayoubi, Jean-Marc Baste, Matthieu Garnier, François Montagne, Jean-Nicolas Dacher and Matthieu Demeyere
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:116
  4. Cystic pancreatic lesions (CPLs) are frequently casual findings in radiological examinations performed for other reasons in patients with unrelated symptoms. As they require different management according to t...

    Authors: Giovanni Morana, Pierluigi Ciet and Silvia Venturini
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:115
  5. In the past nearly 20 years, organ-sparing when no apparent viable tumour is present after neoadjuvant therapy has taken an increasingly relevant role in the therapeutic management of locally-advanced rectal c...

    Authors: Inês Santiago, Bernardete Rodrigues, Maria Barata, Nuno Figueiredo, Laura Fernandez, Antonio Galzerano, Oriol Parés and Celso Matos
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:114
  6. Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder affecting children and adolescents. Previously classified as a rare disease, recent studies suggest a higher incidence of the dise...

    Authors: Matthias C. Schaal, Liya Gendler, Bettina Ammann, Nina Eberhardt, Aleš Janda, Henner Morbach, Kassa Darge, Hermann Girschick and Meinrad Beer
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:113
  7. This study aimed to conduct a diagnostic and cost-effective analysis of the cytopathology assistance in the ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for characterising thyroid nodules.

    Authors: F. Feletti, L. Mellini, F. Pironi, A. Carnevale and G. C. Parenti
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:111
  8. MRI is routinely used for rectal cancer staging to evaluate tumor extent and to inform decision-making regarding surgical planning and the need for neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy. Extramural venous invasion ...

    Authors: Akitoshi Inoue, Shannon P. Sheedy, Jay P. Heiken, Payam Mohammadinejad, Rondell P. Graham, Hee Eun Lee, Scott R. Kelley, Stephanie L. Hansel, David H. Bruining, Jeff L. Fidler and Joel G. Fletcher
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:110
  9. Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is the most important cause of hematemesis in children. Intrahepatic left portal vein and superior mesenteric vein anastomosis, also known as meso-Rex bypass (MRB),...

    Authors: Huiying Wu, Ning Zhou, Lianwei Lu, Xiwen Chen, Tao Liu, Binbin Zhang, Hongsheng Liu and Zhe Wen
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:109
  10. Repeated bleeding in hemophilic arthropathy (HA) may result in severe degenerative changes and joint destruction. The gradient-recalled echo (GRE) sequence MR is proved to be the best method to detect hemoside...

    Authors: Marcel Prasetyo, Ariel Elisa Mongan, Novie Amelia Chozie, Joedo Prihartono and Stefanus Imanuel Setiawan
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:107
  11. To review the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in the pediatric and adolescent population.

    Authors: Elena Serrano, Federico Zarco, Anne E. Gill, C. Matthew Hawkins, Napoleón Macías, Emilio J. Inarejos Clemente, Ferran Torner, Ignasi Barber, Daniel Corominas, Enrique Ladera González, Antonio López-Rueda and Fernando M. Gómez
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:106
  12. Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent chronic disease affecting about 10% of reproductive-age women with symptoms like pelvic pain and infertility. Pathologically, it is defined by the presence of endometrial...

    Authors: Filomenamila Lorusso, Marco Scioscia, Dino Rubini, Amato Antonio Stabile Ianora, Doriana Scardigno, Carla Leuci, Michele De Ceglie, Angela Sardaro, Nicola Lucarelli and Arnaldo Scardapane
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:105
  13. Central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities cause approximately 32–37.7% of terminations of pregnancy (TOP). Autopsy is currently the gold standard for assessing dead foetuses and stillborn. However, it has lim...

    Authors: Carlos Pérez-Serrano, Álvaro Bartolomé, Núria Bargalló, Carmen Sebastià, Alfons Nadal, Olga Gómez and Laura Oleaga
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:104
  14. COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the need for real-time monitoring of diseases evolution to rapidly adapt restrictive measures. This prospective multicentric study aimed at investigating radiological markers of C...

    Authors: Amandine Crombé, Jean-Christophe Lecomte, Nathan Banaste, Karim Tazarourte, Mylène Seux, Hubert Nivet, Vivien Thomson and Guillaume Gorincour
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:103
  15. Post-mortem imaging has a high acceptance rate amongst parents and healthcare professionals as a non-invasive method for investigating perinatal deaths. Previously viewed as a ‘niche’ subspecialty, it is becom...

    Authors: Susan C. Shelmerdine, J. Ciaran Hutchinson, Celine Lewis, Ian C. Simcock, Thivya Sekar, Neil J. Sebire and Owen J. Arthurs
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:101
  16. Gallbladder metastasis (GM) is a rare condition, often with a late diagnosis or detected upon autopsy. There is no extensive literature on the imaging diagnosis of GM. Here we present a comprehensive review of...

    Authors: Giulio Cocco, Andrea Delli Pizzi, Raffaella Basilico, Stefano Fabiani, Alessio Lino Taraschi, Luca Pascucci, Andrea Boccatonda, Orlando Catalano and Cosima Schiavone
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:100
  17. This review presents basic information on the dosimetric quantities used in medical imaging for reporting patient doses and establishing diagnostic reference levels. The proper use of the radiation protection ...

    Authors: Eliseo Vano, Guy Frija, Reinhard Loose, Graciano Paulo, Efstathios Efstathopoulos, Claudio Granata and Jonas Andersson
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:99
  18. Pleural lesions form a diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. Whereas lesions can be initially detected on chest radiographs, CT and MRI imaging are the imaging modalities of choice for further characteriza...

    Authors: Julie Desimpel, Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Laurens Carp and Annemiek Snoeckx
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:97
  19. To correlate quantitative tissue stiffness measurements obtained by transrectal ultrasound shear wave elastography (USWE) with PI-RADS scoring of multiparametric magnetic imaging resonance (mpMRI) using Gleaso...

    Authors: Wael Ageeli, Cheng Wei, Xinyu Zhang, Magdalena Szewcyk-Bieda, Jennifer Wilson, Chunhui Li and Ghulam Nabi
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:96
  20. Tumors of the genital system are common and imaging is of crucial importance for their detection and diagnosis. Several non-neoplastic diseases may mimic these tumors and differential diagnosis may be difficul...

    Authors: Omer Onder, Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Jessica Kraeft, Aycan Uysal, Musturay Karcaaltincaba, Deniz Akata, Mustafa Nasuh Ozmen and Peter F. Hahn
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:95
  21. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) is frequently performed to evaluate gastrointestinal pathologic conditions. The majority of the gastrointestinal radiology literature has concentrated on the colon, stomach, ...

    Authors: Carolina Terra, Daniel Ramos-Andrade, Ivo Sá-Marques, Jorge Brito, Filipe Caseiro-Alves and Luís Curvo-Semedo
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:94
  22. Accurate segmentation of pelvic bones is an initial step to achieve accurate detection and localisation of pelvic bone metastases. This study presents a deep learning-based approach for automated segmentation ...

    Authors: Xiang Liu, Chao Han, He Wang, Jingyun Wu, Yingpu Cui, Xiaodong Zhang and Xiaoying Wang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:93
  23. The levator ani muscle (LAM) consists of different subdivisions, which play a specific role in the pelvic floor mechanics. The aim of this study is to identify and describe the appearance of these subdivisions...

    Authors: Claudia Manzini, Frieda van den Noort, Anique T. M. Grob, Mariëlla I. J. Withagen, Cornelis H. Slump and C. Huub van der Vaart
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:91
  24. Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate of any tumour type. The main driver of lung tumour growth and development is uncontrolled cellular proliferation. Poor patient outcomes are partly the result of the l...

    Authors: Bandar Alwadani, Sergio Dall’Angelo and Ian N. Fleming
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:90
  25. A multi-user competitive game within the virtual world Second Life for undergraduate radiology learning was adapted for team participation. This study aimed to assess student perception, impact on learning, an...

    Authors: Teodoro Rudolphi-Solero, Alberto Jimenez-Zayas, Rocio Lorenzo-Alvarez, Dolores Domínguez-Pinos, Miguel Jose Ruiz-Gomez and Francisco Sendra-Portero
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:89
  26. To determine the value of shear wave elastography (SWE) in assessing abdominal wall muscles, including rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique muscle (EO), internal oblique muscle, and transversus abdominis (T...

    Authors: Kai He, Xiuling Zhou, Yulan Zhu, Bo Wang, Xiaojian Fu, Qiyuan Yao, Hao Chen and Xiaohong Wang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:87
  27. The objectives of the study were to survey patient injury claims concerning medical imaging in Finland in 1991–2017, and to investigate the nature of the incidents, the number of claims, the reasons for the cl...

    Authors: Tarja Tarkiainen, Miia Turpeinen, Marianne Haapea, Esa Liukkonen and Jaakko Niinimäki
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:86
  28. To compare effectiveness of three widely used embolic agents in partial splenic embolization (PSE) by analyzing their clinical, laboratory, and radiological outcomes within one year of follow-up.

    Authors: Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Saeed Bakry Elsayed, Dalia Salah El Deen, Nahla A. Zaitoun, Husain Alturkistani, Alaa A. Farag, Hassan Abdelsalam, Hossam A. El-Kenawy, Nader E. M. Mahmoud, Nader Ali Alayouty, Ibrahim M. Eladl, Shahenda Shahin, Mohamed-Karji Almarzooqi, Ali M. Hendi, Ahmad El-Morsy…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:85
  29. Recent recommendations for lung nodule management include volumetric analysis using tools that present intrinsic measurement variability, with possible impacts on clinical decisions and patient safety. This st...

    Authors: Diana Penha, Erique Pinto, Bruno Hochhegger, Colin Monaghan, Edson Marchiori, Luís Taborda-Barata and Klaus Irion
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:84
  30. The purpose of our retrospective study was to assess the termination rate and the image quality of MR exams performed in claustrophobic patients under medical hypnosis, as compared to patients undergoing MR un...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Nicole Ferrera, Emanuele Pravatà, Roman Guggenberger, Steven Stern and Filippo Del Grande
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:83
  31. Blockchain can be thought of as a distributed database allowing tracing of the origin of data, and who has manipulated a given data set in the past. Medical applications of blockchain technology are emerging. ...

    Authors:
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:82
  32. This statement summarises basic settings in lung ultrasonography and best practice recommendations for lung ultrasonography in COVID-19, representing the agreed consensus of experts from the Ultrasound Subcomm...

    Authors:
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:81
  33. Studies have documented the clinical potentials of artificial intelligence (AI) in medical imaging practice to improving patient care. This study aimed to qualitatively explore the perception of radiographers ...

    Authors: William Kwadwo Antwi, Theophilus N. Akudjedu and Benard Ohene Botwe
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:80
  34. The differential diagnosis of abnormalities in the prostate is broad, covering common (acinar adenocarcinoma, benign prostatic hyperplasia, chronic prostatitis, hemorrhage, cysts, calcifications, atrophy and f...

    Authors: Chao Han, Lina Zhu, Xiang Liu, Shuai Ma, Yi Liu and Xiaoying Wang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:79
  35. Artificial intelligence algorithms are booming in medicine, and the question of biases induced or perpetuated by these tools is a very important topic. There is a greater risk of these biases in radiology, whi...

    Authors: Antoine Iannessi, Hubert Beaumont and Anne Sophie Bertrand
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:78

    The Opinion to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2021 12:157

  36. In the era of datafication, it is important that medical data are accurate and structured for multiple applications. Especially data for oncological staging need to be accurate to stage and treat a patient, as...

    Authors: J. Martijn Nobel, Sander Puts, Jakob Weiss, Hugo J. W. L. Aerts, Raymond H. Mak, Simon G. F. Robben and André L. A. J. Dekker
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:77
  37. Newer biologic drugs and immunomodulatory agents, as well as more tolerated and effective radiation therapy schemes, have reduced treatment toxicity in oncology patients. However, although imaging assessment o...

    Authors: Domenico Albano, Massimo Benenati, Antonio Bruno, Federico Bruno, Marco Calandri, Damiano Caruso, Diletta Cozzi, Riccardo De Robertis, Francesco Gentili, Irene Grazzini, Giuseppe Micci, Anna Palmisano, Carlotta Pessina, Paola Scalise, Federica Vernuccio, Antonio Barile…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:76
  38. To retrospectively analyze CT appearances and progression pattern of COVID-19 during hospitalization, and analyze imaging findings of follow-up on thin-section CT.

    Authors: Chun-Shuang Guan, Zhi-Bin Lv, Jing-Jing Li, Yan-Ni Du, Hui Chen, Tao Cui, Ning Guo, Bu-Dong Chen and Ru-Ming Xie
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:73
  39. To investigate the incremental value of Sestamibi SPECT combined with a non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, using SPECT/CT, for the preoperative localisation of small parathyroid adenomas (PTA).

    Authors: Patricia Sandqvist, Jacob Farnebo, Inga-Lena Nilsson, Per Grybäck, Anders Sundin and Alejandro Sanchez-Crespo
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:72
  40. Accurate prostate zonal segmentation on magnetic resonance images (MRI) is a critical prerequisite for automated prostate cancer detection. We aimed to assess the variability of manual prostate zonal segmentat...

    Authors: Sarah Montagne, Dimitri Hamzaoui, Alexandre Allera, Malek Ezziane, Anna Luzurier, Raphaelle Quint, Mehdi Kalai, Nicholas Ayache, Hervé Delingette and Raphaële Renard-Penna
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:71
  41. Septic shock is a medical emergency that represents one of the most important underlying causes for presentation to the Emergency Department. Sepsis is defined as organ dysfunction, life-threatening event caus...

    Authors: Marco Di Serafino, Daniela Viscardi, Francesca Iacobellis, Luigi Giugliano, Luigi Barbuto, Gaspare Oliva, Roberto Ronza, Antonio Borzelli, Antonio Raucci, Filomena Pezzullo, Maria Giovanna De Cristofaro and Luigia Romano
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:70
  42. Therapy of uveal melanoma aims to preserve the eye and its function and to avoid metastatic dissemination. The treatment choice is difficult and must keep into account several factors; the therapeutic strategy...

    Authors: Pietro Valerio Foti, Mario Travali, Renato Farina, Stefano Palmucci, Corrado Spatola, Rocco Luca Emanuele Liardo, Roberto Milazzotto, Luigi Raffaele, Vincenzo Salamone, Rosario Caltabiano, Giuseppe Broggi, Lidia Puzzo, Andrea Russo, Michele Reibaldi, Antonio Longo, Paolo Vigneri…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:67

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