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  1. Congenital lung diseases in adults are rare diseases that can present with symptoms or be detected incidentally. Familiarity with the imaging features of different types of congenital lung diseases helps both ...

    Authors: Gamze Durhan, Selin Ardali Duzgun, Meltem Gülsün Akpınar, Figen Demirkazık and Orhan Macit Arıyürek
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:153
  2. This article is a comprehensive review of the basic background, technique, and clinical applications of artificial intelligence (AI) and radiomics in the field of neuro-oncology. A variety of AI and radiomics ...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek, Ahmed Alksas, Mohamed Shehata, Amr AbdelKhalek, Khaled Abdel Baky, Ayman El-Baz and Eman Helmy
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:152
  3. To evaluate the 3D Fast Gray Acquisition T1 Inversion Recovery (FGATIR) sequence for MRI identification of brainstem tracts and nuclei damage in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.

    Authors: Thien Huong Nguyen, Alexis Vaussy, Violette Le Gaudu, Jennifer Aboab, Sophie Espinoza, Irina Curajos, Emmanuel Heron and Christophe Habas
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:151
  4. To investigate a previously developed radiomics-based biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI) approach for discrimination of clinically significant peripheral zone prostate cancer (PZ csPCa) using mult...

    Authors: Jeroen Bleker, Derya Yakar, Bram van Noort, Dennis Rouw, Igle Jan de Jong, Rudi A. J. O. Dierckx, Thomas C. Kwee and Henkjan Huisman
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:150
  5. Currently, mammography and ultrasonography are the most used imaging techniques for breast cancer screening. However, these examinations report many indeterminate studies with a low probability of being malign...

    Authors: Liliana Hernández, Gloria M. Díaz, Catalina Posada and Alejandro Llano-Sierra
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:149
  6. Increasing numbers of patients and carers rely on online resources for healthcare information. Radiation safety can be misunderstood by patients and clinicians and lead to patient anxiety. We aimed to assess t...

    Authors: Francis T. Delaney, Tiarnán Ó. Doinn, James M. Broderick and Emma Stanley
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:148
  7. To assess the similarity and differences of radiomics features on full field digital mammography (FFDM) in FOR PROCESSING and FOR PRESENTATION data.

    Authors: Mario Sansone, Roberta Grassi, Maria Paola Belfiore, Gianluca Gatta, Francesca Grassi, Fabio Pinto, Giorgia Viola La Casella, Roberta Fusco, Salvatore Cappabianca, Vincenza Granata and Roberto Grassi
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:147
  8. To explore whether multiparametric approach including blood oxygenation level-dependent MRI (BOLD-MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) can be applied in the assessment of...

    Authors: Ping Liang, Yaxian Chen, ShiChao Li, Chuou Xu, Guanjie Yuan, Daoyu Hu, Ihab Kamel, Yu Zhang and Zhen Li
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:146
  9. The factors affecting intra-operator variability of two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) have not been clearly established. We evaluated 2D-SWE variability according to the number of measurements, ...

    Authors: Marco Dioguardi Burgio, Jules Grégory, Maxime Ronot, Riccardo Sartoris, Gilles Chatellier and Valérie Vilgrain
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:145
  10. Heterotopic pancreas (HP) is an uncommon congenital abnormality in the developmental process of the pancreas, with gastrointestinal heterotopic pancreas (GHP) being the most common HP. The clinical manifestati...

    Authors: Cai-Wei Yang, Feng Che, Xi-Jiao Liu, Yuan Yin, Bo Zhang and Bin Song
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:144
  11. Paradigm shift toward nonoperative management (NOM) of adult appendicitis has made computed tomography (CT) more important than ever, particularly in differentiating complicated from uncomplicated disease. Com...

    Authors: Jidapa Iamwat, Wanwarang Teerasamit, Piyaporn Apisarnthanarak, Napakadol Noppakunsomboon and Rathachai Kaewlai
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:143
  12. The purpose of our study was to analyze the clinical and imaging features of uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) and cervical carcinosarcoma (CCS), and to explore the diagnostic and staging accuracy of computed tomog...

    Authors: Liming Li, Wenpeng Huang, Kangkang Xue, Leiyu Feng, Yijing Han, Rui Wang and Jianbo Gao
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:142
  13. Due to the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it proved necessary to rapidly change medical education from on-site to online teaching. Thus, medical educators were forced to rethink the purpo...

    Authors: Fabian Stoehr, Lukas Müller, Adrian P. Brady, Carlo Catalano, Peter Mildenberger, Aline Mähringer-Kunz, Felix Hahn, Christoph Düber, Erkan Celik, Elisabeth Diehl, Pavel Dietz, Daniel Pinto dos Santos and Roman Kloeckner
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:141
  14. The elbow is a complex joint whose biomechanical function is granted by the interplay and synergy of various anatomical structures. Articular stability is achieved by both static and dynamic constraints, which...

    Authors: Andrea Zagarella, Giulia Signorelli, Giulia Muscogiuri, Roberta Colombo, Gianluca Folco, Paolo Arrigoni, Mattia Radici, Pietro Simone Randelli and Mauro Battista Gallazzi
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:140

    The Correction to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2022 13:42

  15. The recently implemented European Council Basic Safety Standards Directive (BSSD), 2013/59/Euratom lays down core radiation protection standards for European radiology departments, including a mandatory requir...

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:139
  16. Spectral CT adds a new dimension to radiological evaluation, beyond assessment of anatomical abnormalities. Spectral data allows for detection of specific materials, improves image quality while at the same ti...

    Authors: Sharon Z. Adam, Aviad Rabinowich, Rivka Kessner and Arye Blachar
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:138
  17. Percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) is usually performed to treat acute pancreatitis complicated by infected walled-off necrosis (WON). Insufficient drainage of infected WON may lead to a prolonged recovery p...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Xu-dong Wen, Xiao Ma, Yong-qiang Zhu, Zhi-wei Jiang, Shang-qing Huang, Tao Wang and Wei-hui Liu
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:137
  18. Delivering consistent levels of training in cardiac imaging to radiologist is of pivotal importance because of the increasing clinical indications to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and cardiac...

    Authors: Marco Gatti, Carlo Liguori, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, Riccardo Faletti, Serena Dell’Aversana, Patrizia Toia, Gianluca De Rubeis, Paolo Di Renzi, Vincenzo Russo, Gesualdo Polizzi, Nicola Galea, Antonio Esposito and Marco Francone
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:136
  19. The efficacy of computed tomography-based multiple body composition parameters in assessing disease behavior and prognosis has not been comprehensively evaluated in Crohn’s disease. This study aimed to assess ...

    Authors: Ziling Zhou, Ziman Xiong, Qingguo Xie, Peng Xiao, Qingpeng Zhang, Jian Gu, Jing Li, Daoyu Hu, Xuemei Hu, Yaqi Shen and Zhen Li
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:135
  20. The purpose of this review is to describe the anatomy and lesions affecting the peripheral portion of posterior horn of medial menisci (ramp lesions), along with illustrations and MRI cases. We will correlate ...

    Authors: Atul K. Taneja, Frederico C. Miranda, Laercio A. Rosemberg and Durval C. B. Santos
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:134
  21. Limited evidence is available on the clinical impact of artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology. Early health technology assessment (HTA) is a methodology to assess the potential value of an innovation at an...

    Authors: Kicky G. van Leeuwen, Frederick J. A. Meijer, Steven Schalekamp, Matthieu J. C. M. Rutten, Ewoud J. van Dijk, Bram van Ginneken, Tim M. Govers and Maarten de Rooij
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:133
  22. Intra-articular bleeds in patients with inherited bleeding disorders lead to active synovitis which may progress to a chronic state over time. We explored the diagnostic value of color Doppler ultrasound in de...

    Authors: Ningning Zhang, Sheng Yang, Anne-Fleur Zwagemaker, Aihua Huo, Ying-Jia Li, Fang Zhou, Pamela Hilliard, Sandra Squire, Vanessa Bouskill, Arun Mohanta, Alex Zhou, Jose Jarrin, Runhui Wu, Jing Sun, Brian Luke, Rahim Moineddin…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:132
  23. The aim of the Female Pelvic Imaging Working Group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) was to develop imaging staging guidelines for vulvar cancer and to propose standardised MRI protocols a...

    Authors: Olivera Nikolić, Filipa Alves e Sousa, Teresa Margarida Cunha, Marijana Basta Nikolić, M. Milagros Otero-García, Benedetta Gui, Stephanie Nougaret and Henrik Leonhardt
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:131
  24. Active surveillance (AS) of small, low-risk papillary thyroid cancers (PTCs) is increasingly studied in prospective observational studies. Ultrasound is the primary imaging modality for case selection. While r...

    Authors: Sangeet Ghai, Ciara O’Brien, David P. Goldstein and Anna M. Sawka
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:130
  25. Access to imaging diagnostics has been shown to result in accurate treatment, management, and optimal outcomes. Particularly in low-income and low-middle-income countries (LICs, LMICs), access is limited due t...

    Authors: Kristen DeStigter, Kara-Lee Pool, Abimbola Leslie, Sarwat Hussain, Bien Soo Tan, Lluis Donoso-Bach and Savvas Andronikou
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:129
  26. Thyroid nodules are an important health problem in children and adolescents. They possess a higher risk of malignancy in comparison to adults. This fact forms a great dilemma for clinicians. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Mohammed Hazem, Ossama M. Zakaria, Mohamed Yasser Ibrahim Daoud, Ibrahim Khalid Al Jabr, Abdulwahab A. AlYahya, Ahmed Gaber Hassanein, Abdulrahim A. Alabdulsalam, Mohammed Qasem AlAlwan and Nahla Mohamed Ali Hasan
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:128
  27. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) aims at quantifying interactions between ultrasound and biological tissues. QUS techniques extract fundamental physical properties of tissues based on interactions between ultraso...

    Authors: Guy Cloutier, François Destrempes, François Yu and An Tang
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:127
  28. There is wide variation between Countries in the structures of residency programmes, need for subspecialisation, and health care system organisation. This survey was aimed at gathering information regarding cu...

    Authors: Domenico Albano, Danoob Dalili, Florian A. Huber, Ziga Snoj, Ana Vieira and Carmelo Messina
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:126

    The Opinion to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2022 13:15

  29. The umbilical–portal venous system (UPVS) plays an important role in embryonic development, as well as a significant blood circulation system to ensure the normal blood supply of fetal heart and brain and othe...

    Authors: Yue Qin, Huaxuan Wen, Meiling Liang, Dandan Luo, Qing Zeng, Yimei Liao, Mengyu Zhang, Yan Ding, Xin Wen, Ying Tan, Ying Yuan and Shengli Li
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:125
  30. We investigated the value of serial cardiac 18F-FDG PET-MRI in Anderson–Fabry disease (AFD) and the potential relationship of imaging results with FASTEX score.

    Authors: Carmela Nappi, Andrea Ponsiglione, Antonio Pisani, Eleonora Riccio, Teodolinda Di Risi, Maurizio Pieroni, Michele Klain, Roberta Assante, Wanda Acampa, Emanuele Nicolai, Letizia Spinelli, Alberto Cuocolo and Massimo Imbriaco
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:124
  31. The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the largest vein in the body, draining blood from the abdomen, pelvis and lower extremities. This pictorial review summarises normal anatomy and embryological development of the...

    Authors: Simon J. Li, Jean Lee, Jonathan Hall and Tom R. Sutherland
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:123
  32. Psoriasis is a common skin disease. Up to 30% of patients with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA) resulting, by far, the most prevalent coexisting condition. Heterogeneity of clinical and radiological...

    Authors: Ana María Crespo-Rodríguez, Jesús Sanz Sanz, Dalifer Freites, Zulema Rosales, Lydia Abasolo and Juan Arrazola
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:121
  33. To compare the imaging quality, T stage and extramural venous invasion (EMVI) evaluation between the conventional and synthetic T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), and to investigate the role of quantitative values ob...

    Authors: Li Zhao, Meng Liang, Pu-yeh Wu, Yang Yang, Hongmei Zhang and Xinming Zhao
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:120
  34. Unilateral axillary lymphadenopathy is a frequent mild side effect of COVID-19 vaccination. European Society of Breast Imaging (EUSOBI) proposes ten recommendations to standardise its management and reduce unn...

    Authors: Simone Schiaffino, Katja Pinker, Veronica Magni, Andrea Cozzi, Alexandra Athanasiou, Pascal A. T. Baltzer, Julia Camps Herrero, Paola Clauser, Eva M. Fallenberg, Gábor Forrai, Michael H. Fuchsjäger, Thomas H. Helbich, Fleur Kilburn-Toppin, Christiane K. Kuhl, Mihai Lesaru, Ritse M. Mann…
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:119
  35. Crohn’s disease (CD) is a condition that can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, although usually forms in the colon and terminal ileum. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a beneficial mo...

    Authors: Rani Ahmad, Amr M. Ajlan, Ayman A. Eskander, Turki A. Alhazmi, Khalid Khashoggi, Mohammad A. Wazzan and Ahmed H. Abduljabbar
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:118
  36. Deep learning is nowadays at the forefront of artificial intelligence. More precisely, the use of convolutional neural networks has drastically improved the learning capabilities of computer vision application...

    Authors: Lara Lloret Iglesias, Pablo Sanz Bellón, Amaia Pérez del Barrio, Pablo Menéndez Fernández-Miranda, David Rodríguez González, José A. Vega, Andrés A. González Mandly and José A. Parra Blanco
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:117
  37. Imaging findings after thoracic surgery can be misleading. Knowledge of the normal post-operative anatomy helps the radiologist to recognise life-threatening complications and conversely not to wrongly evoke a...

    Authors: Julien Burel, Mathias El Ayoubi, Jean-Marc Baste, Matthieu Garnier, François Montagne, Jean-Nicolas Dacher and Matthieu Demeyere
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:116
  38. Cystic pancreatic lesions (CPLs) are frequently casual findings in radiological examinations performed for other reasons in patients with unrelated symptoms. As they require different management according to t...

    Authors: Giovanni Morana, Pierluigi Ciet and Silvia Venturini
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:115
  39. In the past nearly 20 years, organ-sparing when no apparent viable tumour is present after neoadjuvant therapy has taken an increasingly relevant role in the therapeutic management of locally-advanced rectal c...

    Authors: Inês Santiago, Bernardete Rodrigues, Maria Barata, Nuno Figueiredo, Laura Fernandez, Antonio Galzerano, Oriol Parés and Celso Matos
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:114
  40. Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder affecting children and adolescents. Previously classified as a rare disease, recent studies suggest a higher incidence of the dise...

    Authors: Matthias C. Schaal, Liya Gendler, Bettina Ammann, Nina Eberhardt, Aleš Janda, Henner Morbach, Kassa Darge, Hermann Girschick and Meinrad Beer
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:113
  41. This study aimed to conduct a diagnostic and cost-effective analysis of the cytopathology assistance in the ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for characterising thyroid nodules.

    Authors: F. Feletti, L. Mellini, F. Pironi, A. Carnevale and G. C. Parenti
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:111
  42. MRI is routinely used for rectal cancer staging to evaluate tumor extent and to inform decision-making regarding surgical planning and the need for neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy. Extramural venous invasion ...

    Authors: Akitoshi Inoue, Shannon P. Sheedy, Jay P. Heiken, Payam Mohammadinejad, Rondell P. Graham, Hee Eun Lee, Scott R. Kelley, Stephanie L. Hansel, David H. Bruining, Jeff L. Fidler and Joel G. Fletcher
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:110
  43. Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is the most important cause of hematemesis in children. Intrahepatic left portal vein and superior mesenteric vein anastomosis, also known as meso-Rex bypass (MRB),...

    Authors: Huiying Wu, Ning Zhou, Lianwei Lu, Xiwen Chen, Tao Liu, Binbin Zhang, Hongsheng Liu and Zhe Wen
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:109
  44. Repeated bleeding in hemophilic arthropathy (HA) may result in severe degenerative changes and joint destruction. The gradient-recalled echo (GRE) sequence MR is proved to be the best method to detect hemoside...

    Authors: Marcel Prasetyo, Ariel Elisa Mongan, Novie Amelia Chozie, Joedo Prihartono and Stefanus Imanuel Setiawan
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:107
  45. To review the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in the pediatric and adolescent population.

    Authors: Elena Serrano, Federico Zarco, Anne E. Gill, C. Matthew Hawkins, Napoleón Macías, Emilio J. Inarejos Clemente, Ferran Torner, Ignasi Barber, Daniel Corominas, Enrique Ladera González, Antonio López-Rueda and Fernando M. Gómez
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:106
  46. Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent chronic disease affecting about 10% of reproductive-age women with symptoms like pelvic pain and infertility. Pathologically, it is defined by the presence of endometrial...

    Authors: Filomenamila Lorusso, Marco Scioscia, Dino Rubini, Amato Antonio Stabile Ianora, Doriana Scardigno, Carla Leuci, Michele De Ceglie, Angela Sardaro, Nicola Lucarelli and Arnaldo Scardapane
    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:105

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