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  1. Studies have documented the clinical potentials of artificial intelligence (AI) in medical imaging practice to improving patient care. This study aimed to qualitatively explore the perception of radiographers ...

    Authors: William Kwadwo Antwi, Theophilus N. Akudjedu and Benard Ohene Botwe

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:80

    Content type: Original Article

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  2. The differential diagnosis of abnormalities in the prostate is broad, covering common (acinar adenocarcinoma, benign prostatic hyperplasia, chronic prostatitis, hemorrhage, cysts, calcifications, atrophy and f...

    Authors: Chao Han, Lina Zhu, Xiang Liu, Shuai Ma, Yi Liu and Xiaoying Wang

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:79

    Content type: Educational Review

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  3. Artificial intelligence algorithms are booming in medicine, and the question of biases induced or perpetuated by these tools is a very important topic. There is a greater risk of these biases in radiology, whi...

    Authors: Antoine Iannessi, Hubert Beaumont and Anne Sophie Bertrand

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:78

    Content type: Opinion

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  4. In the era of datafication, it is important that medical data are accurate and structured for multiple applications. Especially data for oncological staging need to be accurate to stage and treat a patient, as...

    Authors: J. Martijn Nobel, Sander Puts, Jakob Weiss, Hugo J. W. L. Aerts, Raymond H. Mak, Simon G. F. Robben and André L. A. J. Dekker

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:77

    Content type: Original Article

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  5. Newer biologic drugs and immunomodulatory agents, as well as more tolerated and effective radiation therapy schemes, have reduced treatment toxicity in oncology patients. However, although imaging assessment o...

    Authors: Domenico Albano, Massimo Benenati, Antonio Bruno, Federico Bruno, Marco Calandri, Damiano Caruso, Diletta Cozzi, Riccardo De Robertis, Francesco Gentili, Irene Grazzini, Giuseppe Micci, Anna Palmisano, Carlotta Pessina, Paola Scalise, Federica Vernuccio, Antonio Barile…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:76

    Content type: Educational Review

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  6. To retrospectively analyze CT appearances and progression pattern of COVID-19 during hospitalization, and analyze imaging findings of follow-up on thin-section CT.

    Authors: Chun-Shuang Guan, Zhi-Bin Lv, Jing-Jing Li, Yan-Ni Du, Hui Chen, Tao Cui, Ning Guo, Bu-Dong Chen and Ru-Ming Xie

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:73

    Content type: Original Article

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  7. To investigate the incremental value of Sestamibi SPECT combined with a non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, using SPECT/CT, for the preoperative localisation of small parathyroid adenomas (PTA).

    Authors: Patricia Sandqvist, Jacob Farnebo, Inga-Lena Nilsson, Per Grybäck, Anders Sundin and Alejandro Sanchez-Crespo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:72

    Content type: Original Article

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  8. Accurate prostate zonal segmentation on magnetic resonance images (MRI) is a critical prerequisite for automated prostate cancer detection. We aimed to assess the variability of manual prostate zonal segmentat...

    Authors: Sarah Montagne, Dimitri Hamzaoui, Alexandre Allera, Malek Ezziane, Anna Luzurier, Raphaelle Quint, Mehdi Kalai, Nicholas Ayache, Hervé Delingette and Raphaële Renard-Penna

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:71

    Content type: Original Article

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  9. Septic shock is a medical emergency that represents one of the most important underlying causes for presentation to the Emergency Department. Sepsis is defined as organ dysfunction, life-threatening event caus...

    Authors: Marco Di Serafino, Daniela Viscardi, Francesca Iacobellis, Luigi Giugliano, Luigi Barbuto, Gaspare Oliva, Roberto Ronza, Antonio Borzelli, Antonio Raucci, Filomena Pezzullo, Maria Giovanna De Cristofaro and Luigia Romano

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:70

    Content type: Educational Review

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  10. Therapy of uveal melanoma aims to preserve the eye and its function and to avoid metastatic dissemination. The treatment choice is difficult and must keep into account several factors; the therapeutic strategy...

    Authors: Pietro Valerio Foti, Mario Travali, Renato Farina, Stefano Palmucci, Corrado Spatola, Rocco Luca Emanuele Liardo, Roberto Milazzotto, Luigi Raffaele, Vincenzo Salamone, Rosario Caltabiano, Giuseppe Broggi, Lidia Puzzo, Andrea Russo, Michele Reibaldi, Antonio Longo, Paolo Vigneri…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:67

    Content type: Educational Review

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  11. Uveal melanoma is a malignant neoplasm that derives from pigmented melanocytes of the uvea and involves, in order of decreasing prevalence, the choroid, ciliary body and iris. Its prognosis is related to histo...

    Authors: Pietro Valerio Foti, Mario Travali, Renato Farina, Stefano Palmucci, Corrado Spatola, Luigi Raffaele, Vincenzo Salamone, Rosario Caltabiano, Giuseppe Broggi, Lidia Puzzo, Andrea Russo, Michele Reibaldi, Antonio Longo, Paolo Vigneri, Teresio Avitabile, Giovani Carlo Ettorre…

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:66

    Content type: Educational Review

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  12. To develop a goal-oriented indicator system based on the balanced scorecard (BSC) concept, which takes into account the perspectives of the referring physician and patient and emphasizes the focus on the inter...

    Authors: Ulf Teichgräber, Rainer Sibbel, Andreas Heinrich and Felix Güttler

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:69

    Content type: Original Article

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  13. Feature reproducibility and model validation are two main challenges of radiomics. This study aims to systematically review radiomic feature reproducibility and predictive model validation strategies in studie...

    Authors: Salvatore Gitto, Renato Cuocolo, Domenico Albano, Francesco Morelli, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Carmelo Messina, Massimo Imbriaco and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:68

    Content type: Original Article

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  14. The presence of pulmonary vessels inside ground-glass nodules (GGNs) of different nature is a very common occurrence. This study aimed to reveal the significance of pulmonary vessels displayed in GGNs in their...

    Authors: Bin-jie Fu, Fa-jin Lv, Wang-jia Li, Rui-yu Lin, Yi-neng Zheng and Zhi-gang Chu

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:65

    Content type: Original Article

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  15. The main objective was to assess whether CT reports of radiologists subspecialized in oncologic imaging respond better to oncological referrals than reports from general radiologists. The secondary objective w...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Maria Del Grande, Vittoria Espeli, Anastasios Stathis, Gabriele Maria Nicolino and Filippo Del Grande

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:64

    Content type: Original Article

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  16. Breast lesions with uncertain malignant behavior, also known as high-risk or B3 lesions, are composed of a variety of pathologies with differing risks of associated malignancy. While open excision was previous...

    Authors: Francesca Catanzariti, Daly Avendano, Giuseppe Cicero, Margarita Garza-Montemayor, Carmelo Sofia, Emmanuele Venanzi Rullo, Giorgio Ascenti, Katja Pinker-Domenig and Maria Adele Marino

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:63

    Content type: Educational Review

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  17. This letter to the editor is in response to the consensus statement from the Ultrasound Subcommittee of the European Society of Radiology, the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) Section of Radiology,...

    Authors: Chris Kalinka, Jeanette Dickson, Richard Evans, Edward Morris, Pamela Parker, Gill Walton, William Ramsden and Gill Harrison

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:61

    Content type: Opinion

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    The Opinion to this article has been published in Insights into Imaging 2021 12:62

  18. Prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of high diagnostic quality is a key determinant for either detection or exclusion of prostate cancer. Adequate high spatial resolution on T2-weighted imaging, good dif...

    Authors: Francesco Giganti, Alex Kirkham, Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Marianthi-Vasiliki Papoutsaki, Shonit Punwani, Mark Emberton, Caroline M. Moore and Clare Allen

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:59

    Content type: Educational Review

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  19. Image-guided percutaneous lung ablation has proven to be a valid treatment alternative in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung carcinoma or oligometastatic lung disease. Available ablative modalities ...

    Authors: Alfredo Páez-Carpio, Fernando M. Gómez, Gemma Isus Olivé, Pilar Paredes, Tarik Baetens, Enrique Carrero, Marcelo Sánchez and Ivan Vollmer

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:57

    Content type: Educational Review

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  20. Acute bowel ischemia (ABI) can be life threatening with high mortality rate. In spite of the advances made in diagnosis and treatment of ABI, no significant change has occurred in the mortality over the past d...

    Authors: Amir H. Davarpanah, Afshar Ghamari Khameneh, Bardia Khosravi, Ali Mir, Hiva Saffar and Amir Reza Radmard

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:56

    Content type: Educational Review

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  21. The Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) recently published a chest CT classification system and Dutch Association for Radiology has announced Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reporting and data sys...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdel-Tawab, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Ibrahim A. I. Mohamed, Hamdy M. Ibrahim, Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Saeed Bakry Elsayed, Nader E. M. Mahmoud, Ahmed A. El Sammak, Hala Y. Yousef, Sameh Abdelaziz Aly, Hamada M. Khater, Walid Mosallam, Waleed S. Abo Shanab, Ali M. Hendi and Sayed Hassan

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:55

    Content type: Original Article

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  22. To investigate the accuracy of Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) using the Readout Segmentation of Long Variable Echo-trains (RESOLVE) sequence in detecting lumbosacral nerve abnormalities.

    Authors: Osamah M. Abdulaal, Allison McGee, Louise Rainford, Dearbhail O’Driscoll, Marie Galligan, Valerie Reid and Peter J. MacMahon

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:54

    Content type: Original Article

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  23. Many benign breast entities have a clinical and imaging presentation that can mimic breast cancer. The purpose of this review is to illustrate the wide spectrum of imaging features that can be associated with ...

    Authors: Mary S. Guirguis, Beatriz Adrada, Lumarie Santiago, Rosalind Candelaria and Elsa Arribas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:53

    Content type: Educational Review

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  24. National guidelines recommend prostate multiparametric (mp) MRI in men with suspected prostate cancer before biopsy. In this study, we explore prostate mpMRI protocols across 14 London hospitals and determine ...

    Authors: Marianthi-Vasiliki Papoutsaki, Clare Allen, Francesco Giganti, David Atkinson, Louise Dickinson, Jacob Goodman, Helen Saunders, Tristan Barrett and Shonit Punwani

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:52

    Content type: Original Article

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  25. Interpretation differences between radiologists and diagnostic errors are significant issues in daily radiology practice. An awareness of errors and their underlying causes can potentially increase the diagnos...

    Authors: Omer Onder, Yasin Yarasir, Aynur Azizova, Gamze Durhan, Mehmet Ruhi Onur and Orhan Macit Ariyurek

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:51

    Content type: Educational Review

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  26. Our objective is to investigate patient needs and understand information gaps in radiology reports using patient questions that were posted on online discussion forums. We leveraged online question and answer ...

    Authors: Mohammad Alarifi, Timothy Patrick, Abdulrahman Jabour, Min Wu and Jake Luo

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:50

    Content type: Original Article

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  27. 3D preoperative planning of lower limb osteotomies has become increasingly important in light of modern surgical technologies. However, 3D models are usually reconstructed from Computed Tomography data acquire...

    Authors: Tabitha Roth, Fabio Carrillo, Matthias Wieczorek, Giulia Ceschi, Hooman Esfandiari, Reto Sutter, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Wolfgang Wein, Sandro F. Fucentese and Philipp Fürnstahl

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:44

    Content type: Original Article

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  28. Manifestations of an atypical variant of medulloblastoma of the posterior fossa in extra-axial locations have been reported, and key questions concerning its interpretation have been raised previously. This re...

    Authors: Abdulaziz M. Al-Sharydah, Abdulrahman Hamad Al-Abdulwahhab, Sari Saleh Al-Suhibani, Wisam M. Al-Issawi, Faisal Al-Zahrani, Faisal Ahmad Katbi, Moath Abdullah Al-Thuneyyan, Tarek Jallul and Faisal Mishaal Alabbas

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:43

    Content type: Educational Review

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  29. This systematic review aims to test the hypothesis that microbleeds detected by MRI are common and show a characteristic pattern in cerebral fat embolism (CFE). Eighty-four papers involving 140 CFE patients we...

    Authors: Omar Giyab, Bendegúz Balogh, Péter Bogner, Orsi Gergely and Arnold Tóth

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:42

    Content type: Educational Review

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  30. Patient body size represents the main determinant of parenchymal enhancement and by adjusting the contrast media (CM) dose to patient weight may be a more appropriate approach to avoid a patient over dosage of...

    Authors: Damiano Caruso, Elisa Rosati, Nicola Panvini, Marco Rengo, Davide Bellini, Giulia Moltoni, Benedetta Bracci, Elena Lucertini, Marta Zerunian, Michela Polici, Domenico De Santis, Elsa Iannicelli, Paolo Anibaldi, Iacopo Carbone and Andrea Laghi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:40

    Content type: Original Article

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  31. There are limited data discussing long-term pain relief and comparability of different image-guided sacroiliac joint (SIJ) injection. This study compared CT and fluoroscopic-guided SIJ injections regarding sta...

    Authors: Ahmed A. A. Bessar, Mohamed M. Arnaout, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Shady E. Shaker, Ashraf E. Elsayed and Manar Awad Bessar

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:38

    Content type: Original Article

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  32. Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) is still the predominant criteria base for assessing tumor burden in oncology clinical trials. Despite several improvements that followed its first publica...

    Authors: Antoine Iannessi, Hubert Beaumont, Yan Liu and Anne-Sophie Bertrand

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:36

    Content type: Educational Review

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  33. Castleman disease (CD) describes a group of rare hematologic conditions involving lymphadenopathy with characteristic histopathology and a spectrum of clinical abnormalities. CD is divided into localized or un...

    Authors: Benjamin Koa, Austin J. Borja, Mahmoud Aly, Sayuri Padmanabhan, Joseph Tran, Vincent Zhang, Chaitanya Rojulpote, Sheila K. Pierson, Mark-Avery Tamakloe, Johnson S. Khor, Thomas J. Werner, David C. Fajgenbaum, Abass Alavi and Mona-Elisabeth Revheim

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:35

    Content type: Critical Review

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  34. COVID-19 pneumonia represents the most severe pandemic of the twenty-first century and has crucial clinical, social and economical implications. The scientific community has focused attention and resources on ...

    Authors: Alessia Guarnera, Pierfrancesco Podda, Elena Santini, Pasquale Paolantonio and Andrea Laghi

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:34

    Content type: Educational Review

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  35. Osteoid osteoma is a painful, benign and common bone tumor that is prevalent in young adults. The typical clinical presentation consists of pain that becomes worse at night and is relieved by nonsteroidal anti...

    Authors: Bruno C. Carneiro, Isabela A. N. Da Cruz, Alípio G. Ormond Filho, Igor P. Silva, Júlio B. Guimarães, Flávio D. Silva, Marcelo A. C. Nico and Xavier M. G. R. G. Stump

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:32

    Content type: Educational Review

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  36. With the development of machine learning (ML) algorithms, a growing number of predictive models have been established for predicting the therapeutic outcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) afte...

    Authors: Zhi-Min Zou, De-Hua Chang, Hui Liu and Yu-Dong Xiao

    Citation: Insights into Imaging 2021 12:31

    Content type: Critical Review

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