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Table 3 Effect of therapy on body composition parameters and intestinal improvement

From: Magnetic resonance imaging-based body composition is associated with nutritional and inflammatory status: a longitudinal study in patients with Crohn's disease

  Biological agents (n = 38) Non-biological agents (n = 11) P1 P2 P3
ΔSMI, cm2/m2 4.38 ± 4.61 1.62 ± 4.46 < 0.001 0.26 0.0499
ΔSAI, cm2/m2 4.51 ± 8.07 4.68 ± 17.13 < 0.001 0.39 0.93
ΔVAI, cm2/m2 3.75 ± 10.47 0.37 ± 11.22 0.017 0.92 0.61
ΔVA/TA index, % − 3.22 ± 7.23 − 4.51 ± 4.63 0.009 0.009 0.58
Intestinal improvement, n 24 6 0.73
  1. p values below 0.05 are marked in bold
  2. SMI Skeletal muscle index, SAI subcutaneous adipose tissue index, VAI visceral adipose tissue index, VA/TA area of visceral fat/area of subcutaneous fat; P1 intra-group differences between baseline and follow-up values in patients group with biologic therapy type; P2 intra-group differences between baseline and follow-up values in patients group with non-biologic therapy type; P3 inter-group differences evaluated using the independent samples t-test or Mann–Whitney U test, and the χ2 test