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Table 4 Categories of patient injury types related to different modalities

From: Investigating errors in medical imaging: medical malpractice cases in Finland

Patient injury type Radiography Computer tomography, CT Magnetic Resonance Imaging, MRI Ultrasound Interventional radiologya Mammography and screening mammography Total
n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
No major harm, no correlation to medical care 61 15.3 28 7 93 23.3 35 8.6 50 12.5 133 33.3 400 38
Unavoidable complication or always potential consequence 2 1.1 18 9.7 2 1.1 9 4.8 140 75.3 15 8.1 186 17.6
Pain, but no effect on treatment or prognosis 16 10.1 14 8.8 12 7.5 5 3.1 2 1.3 110 69.2 159 15.2
Degenerated prognosis or disease or delayed cancer treatment 3 10 1 3.3 3 10 3 10 0 0 20 66.7 30 2.8
Extra, unnecessary, delayed or inadequate treatment or intervention, deterioration of disease 32 28.6 17 15.2 23 20.5 9 8.0 3 2.7 28 25 112 10.6
Aches and pains 48 63.2 4 5.3 13 17.1 8 10.5 1 1.3 2 2.6 76 7.2
Complication, infection, recompiled infection 5 7.2 17 24.6 12 17.4 7 10.1 24 34.8 4 5.8 69 6.5
Death or decrease life expectancy 1 4.5 5 22.7 6 27.3 1 4.5 9 40.9 0 0 22 2.1
Total 168 15.9 104 9.9 164 15.6 77 7.3 229 21.7 312 29.6 1054 100
  1. aDiagnostic interventional and vascular radiology and fluoroscopy examinations