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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Teleradiology as a relevant indicator of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic management on emergency room activities: a nationwide worrisome survey

  2017-Period 1 2017-Period 2 2018-Period 1 2018-Period 2 2019-Period 1 2019-Period 2 2020-Period 1 2020-Period 2 p value
Centres (n) 25 25 29 29 43 43 59 59  
Total examinations (n) 3291 3321 4242 4491 7265 7383 10,944 9576  
Examinations per centres (n) 131.64 132.84 146.27 154.86 168.95 171.69 185.49 162.30  
CVA sector (n) 449 456 544 601 921 909 1052 675  
Age—mean 67 ± 17.9 65.7 ± 18.3 67.6 ± 18.3 69.8 ± 18.9 67.6 ± 18.7 66.6 ± 18.6 66.9 ± 18.5 68.5 ± 17.7  
Gender—Male (n (%)) 211 (47%) 224 (49%) 251 (46%) 277 (46%) 431 (47%) 432 (47%) 498 (48%) 345 (52%)  
Pathological CVA (n (%)) 97 (22%) 93 (20%) 126 (23%) 131 (22%) 177 (19%) 203 (22%) 275 (25%) 190 (27%)  
CTr Sector (n) 593 565 771 817 1310 1330 1853 895  
Age—Mean 59 ± 27.4 55.1 ± 29.2 59.6 ± 21.2 60.15 ± 27.7 62.2 ± 27.2 61.4 ± 27.7 63.41 ± 27.6 66.3 ± 25.5  
Gender—Male (n (%)) 335 (56%) 314 (55%) 427 (55%) 458 (56%) 714 (54%) 754 (56%) 1001 (55%) 514 (57%)  
Pathological CTr (n (%)) 99 (17%) 105 (19%) 125 (16%) 116 (14%) 201 (15%) 230 (1%) 305 (17%) 143 (15%)  
Body-CT Sector (n) 98 121 97 149 208 220 349 134  
Age—Mean 35.7 ± 18.4 35.8 ± 18.5 40 ± 18.7 37.4 ± 20.2 37.9 ± 20.2 36.9 ± 19.4 37.6 ± 21.5 41.1 ± 19.6  
Gender—Male (n (%)) 72 (73%) 93 (76%) 70 (72%) 105 (70%) 152 (73%) 150 (68%) 235 (66%) 102 (80%)  
Pathological BC (n (%)) 59 (60%) 71 (59%) 51 (53%) 79 (53%) 97 (47%) 103 (47%) 171 (48%) 80 (60%)  
ANTAP Sector (n) 998 1036 1277 1416 2251 2239 3523 2507  
Age—Mean 56.15 ± 21.45 54.5 ± 21.2 57.8 ± 21.1 56.5 ± 21.5 54.6 ± 21.86 58.7 ± 21.9 57.7 ± 22.7 59.61 ± 21 0.001
Gender—Male (n (%)) 519 (52%) 523 (51%) 644 (50%) 695 (49%) 1116 (50%) 1119 (48%) 1782 (51%) 1324 (53%) NS
Acute appendicitis (n) 45 54 49 56 73 86 145 90  
Sigmoiditis (n) 34 31 41 38 71 86 98 55  
Renal colic CCN (n) 119 130 153 169 246 232 376 288  
Pathological ANTAP* (%) 20% 21% 19% 21% 17% 18% 17 18%  
Chest region (n) 306 306 490 463 816 788 1205 3766  
  1. NB: A summary of the most relevant comparisons will appear in Table 2
  2. CVA: cerebrovascular accidents, CTr: cranial trauma, Body-CT: Body-CTs for multiple trauma, ANTAP: acute non-traumatic abdominal pain, NS: not statistically significant
  3. *Pathological ANTAP = 3 cumulative diseases (Acute appendicitis + Sigmoiditis + Renal colic)
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