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Table 2 Assessment standards for assessment procedures

From: How to perform an excellent radiology board examination: a web-based checklist

Practicality Practicality refers to the extent to which an assessment or assessment procedure is easy to administer and score. It concerns the adequacy of resources and how these are allocated in the design, development, and use of assessments. Resources to be considered are human resources, material resources, and time [24, 25]
Validity Validity is defined as the extent to which an assessment accurately measures what it is intended to measure [12, 13, 18]. Almost everything in assessment is related with validity in some way [18]
Reliability Reliability is the degree to which an assessment tool produces stable and consistent results [10, 13, 14, 19]. Validity and reliability are closely related. Although the reverse is not valid, reliability is a prerequisite for the validity of an evaluation [13, 26]. For this reason, all items associated with reliability in the checklist are also matched with validity
Cost Cost effectiveness/cost, which is an important feature of evaluation in terms of feasibility and utility, is one of the features suggested in evaluation methods [10, 15, 20]
Fairness Fairness is to be careful and fulfill the requirements of equality, diversity, disability, gender, sensitivity in terms of cultural aspects, preventing bias, openness in the expectations expected from candidates in all processes of evaluation [15, 18, 22, 23]
Educational impact It is a standard that directs the learning behaviors and methods of the candidates and defines the impact of assessment on learning [12, 14, 19]