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Table 3 Main groups and subgroups of cardiac/aortic arch anomalies associated with PLSVC

From: Persistent left superior vena cava: clinical importance and differential diagnoses

Main groups Subgroups
Shunt lesions ASD, VSD, AVSD, PDA, APVD
Conotruncal malformations TOF, PA with VSD, L/D-TGA, TA, DORV
Left-sided obstructive lesions CoA, cor triatriatum, mitral stenosis, bicuspid aortic valve
Right-sided lesions PS, PA, tricuspid atresia, bicuspid pulmonary valve, Ebstein anomaly
Single ventricular anomalies None
Aortic arch anomalies Cervical arch, RAA, ARSA, RAA + ALSA
  1. PLSVC persistent left superior vena cava, ASD atrial septal defect, VSD ventricular septal defect, AVSD atrioventricular septal defect, PDA patent ductus arteriosus, APVD anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, TOF tetralogy of fallot, PA pulmonary atresia, L/D TGA-levo/dextro-transposition of the great arteries, TA truncus arteriosus, DORV double outlet right ventricle, CoA coarctation of the aorta, PS pulmonary stenosis, RAA right aortic arch, ARSA aberrant right subclavian artery, ALSA aberrant left subclavian artery