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Table 1 CME and additional requirements for a radiologist to keep his/her license to practise per country

From: Maintenance of certification for radiologists: an overview of European countries

Country Required number of CME credits Additional requirements License period Average CME credits required per year
Albania 250 Practising clinical radiology for 40 h per week 5 years 50
Austria Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Armenia Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Belarus Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Belgium -6 (required for federal agency for nuclear control, mean 2 per year)
-60 (other, of which at least 9 [mean 3 per year] in ethics and economy)
-Attending 2 local quality group meetings per year
-Production performance of at least 1250 “prestaties”*
3 years 22
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 None 5 years 18
Bulgaria None None NA NA
Croatia 120 None 6 years 20
Cyprus Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Czech Republic None None NA NA
Denmark None None NA NA
Estonia None None NA NA
Finland 40 (radiation safety training) None 5 years 8
France None None NA NA
Georgia Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Germany 200 - Attending 1 radiation safety training per year
- Attending 1 refresher course in radiation safety per 5 years
5 years 40
Greece None None NA NA
Hungary 250 Practising clinical radiology without any specific requirements 5 years 50
Iceland None None NA NA
Ireland 50 (minimum 20 external [maintenance of knowledgeand skills], minimum 20 internal [practice evaluation and development], minimum 5 personal learning, and a desired 2 in research and teaching) Attending 1 clinical audit (equals 12 CME credits) 1 year 50
Israel None None NA NA
Italy Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Kazakhstan 108 to 216 (depending on the specialties required: radiography, ultrasound, CT/MRI, and/or nuclear medicine) None 5 years 21.6 to 43.2
Kosovo 100 None 5 years 20
Kyrgyzstan Unknown (no contact information available) Unknown (no contact information available) Unknown (no contact information available) Unknown (no contact information available)
Latvia 250 (at least 60% in radiology) None 5 years 50
Lithuania 120 None 5 years 24
Luxembourg None** None NA NA
North Macedonia Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Malta None None NA NA
Moldava Unknown (no contact information available) Unknown (no contact information available) Unknown (no contact information available) Unknown (no contact information available)
Montenegro 120 (at least 72 in radiology, the number of CME points accumulated in one calendar year may not be less than 10)*** None 7 years 17.1
The Netherlands 200 (with a maximum of 50 that can be counted in from continued education provided by other non-imaging medical specialties) - Practising clinical radiology at least 16 h per week
-Participation in individual performance evaluation
-Attending 1 clinical audit
5 years 40
Norway None None NA NA
Poland 25 None 1 year 25
Portugal None None NA NA
Romania 200 None 5 years 40
Russia 250 None 5 years 50
Serbia Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
Slovakia 250**** None 5 years 50
Slovenia 75 Practising clinical radiology without any specific requirements 7 years 10.7
Spain None None NA NA
Sweden None None NA NA
Switzerland 150 (at least 50% in radiology) None 3 years 50
Turkey None None NA NA
Ukraine Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response) Unknown (no response)
United Kingdom 250 None 5 years 50
Uzbekistan 288 Attending 1-month training course at the Institute of Advanced Medical Training (equals 144 CME credits) 5 years 57.6
  1. CME continuing medical education, NA not applicable
  2. *Not strictly compulsory, but gives financial benefits (e.g., higher reimbursement of radiologic examinations)
  3. **The only exception concerns the national program for breast cancer detection where the radiologists have to read at least 1000 mammograms in this program and do 8 h of CME every year in this specific area
  4. ***If a radiologist earns more than 120 CME points during the license period, he/she may transfer 10 points to the next license period
  5. ****Radiologists can get 100 CME credits for a minimum of 4 years of continuous work in radiology, if less than 4 years, then 25 points for every year completed