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Table 3 Examples of screening programmes with imaging

From: Medical imaging in personalised medicine: a white paper of the research committee of the European Society of Radiology (ESR)

Screening programme Image modality Subjects Biomarker
Breast cancer Mammography Females >40 years BIRADS
Breast cancer MRI Females with BRCA1 or BRCA2 Lesion
Lung cancer CT thorax People with an increased risk profile Nodule
Abdominal aortic aneurysm US Males >50 years Maximal diameter
Hepatocellular carcinoma US Patients with hepatitis Lesion
Unruptured cerebral aneurysms DSA, CTA, MRA Patients with small intracerebral aneurysm Diameter (increase)
Meningioma MRI Patients with small meningioma Size (increase)
Ascending aorta CT thorax Patients with Marfan’s disease Diameter (increase)