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Table 2 Treatment options in haemodynamically stable patients affected by renal injury (according to the AAST classification)

From: MDCT of blunt renal trauma: imaging findings and therapeutic implications

Grade Type Treatment
I-III Every NOM wait and see
IV Parenchyma
Vascular
NOM endourological
Debated, surgical vs. NOM interventional radiological
V Parenchyma
Vascular
Debated, NOM is increasingly adopted
Surgical. NOM endourological in case of partial pielo-uretheral lacerations
??? Vascular NOM interventional radiological
  1. NOM non-operative management, ??? = lesions not included in the AAST classification