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Table 1 Studies correlating texture features to other imaging and biological parameters

From: Assessment of tumor heterogeneity: an emerging imaging tool for clinical practice?

Cancer type Features investigated Correlate Author, year
Esophagus Non-contrast CT. Coarse texture uniformity (r = −0.754, p < 0.0001) SUVmean Ganeshan et al., 2012 [33]
Entropy (r = 0.748, p = 0.0001)   
NSCLC Contrast-enhanced CT SUVmax Al-Kadi et al., 2008 [12]
Fractal dimension   
NSCLC Non-contrast CT SUVmax Ganeshan et al., 2008 [44]
Coarse texture   
Uniformity (r = −0.52, p = 0.03)   
Entropy (r = 0.51, p = 0.03)   
NSCLC Contrast-enhanced CT Histological: CD34 and pimonidazole Ganeshan et al., 2012 [35]
Medium and coarse texture; SDa (r = −0.579, p < 0.001) (r = 0.591, p < 0.001)   
  1. aSD standard deviation of the histogram