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Table 5 Gonad shield positioning in pelvic radiography according to various studies

From: Gonad shielding in paediatric pelvic radiography: disadvantages prevail over benefit

Ref. Number of radiographs with shielding Percentage with incorrectly placed shields
Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Averagea
(%) (%) (%)
Kenny and Hill [14] 102 107 209 44 60 52
Wainwright [15] 76 40 116 38 59 45
McCarty et al. [16] 82 57 139 63 72 67
Sikand et al. [17]    110    26
Gul et al. [18]    678    31
Masud et al. [19]    100    78
Fawcett and Barter[20] 611 550 1161 26 48 36
McManus and Davis [21] 618 741 1359 59 71 66
This study 193 307 500 66 91 81
  1. aTaking the number of each sex into account