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Table 3 Mean dose data AP pelvic radiography in absence of gonad shielding (n = 195)

From: Gonad shielding in paediatric pelvic radiography: disadvantages prevail over benefit

Age KAPa Incident air kerma Effective dose ICRP 103 Organ dose testicles Organ dose ovaries Contribution of gonads to effective dose
(years) (mGy·cm2) (μGy) (μSv) (μGy) (μGy) (μSv)
0-1 18.8 ± 7.8 87 13 97 20 5
1-5 16.6 ± 6.3 46 8 56 14 3
5-10 49 ± 28 84 15 111 24 5
10-15b 168 ± 125 223 40 319 98 17
10-15c 369 ± 156 484 98 725 249 39
  1. aAir kerma-area product
  2. bSmaller children, typically no grid and no AEC
  3. cLarger children, typically with grid and/or AEC